Industry and Commerce
The commercial, business and professional area is centred on Billericay High Street and its environs. The High Street runs south to north on a high sand ridge, with the main housing neighbourhoods falling away to the south, west and east, and rising to the north. The main (Great Eastern) railway line Liverpool Street - Shenfield (junction) - Wickford, Rayleigh, Hockley, Rochford, Southend-on-Sea (Victoria) cuts the town west to east. Billericay is the fifth busiest station on the Greater Anglia railway network.
The northern end of the High Street Shopping area has the railway station, an industrial estate, and a large modern office complex. The High Street has a total of 122 retail outlets, three supermarkets, with the majority of the upper parts of shops converted to offices. Several large houses and their backlands have also been converted into professional offices, banks, building societies and insurance agencies. In the centre of the High Street is the Old Town Hall, the first manned Police Station in Essex, later used by the R.D.C. and the U.D.C. until mid 1961 when the district offices were transferred to Basildon New Town, together with the district name change to Basildon U.D.C.
The Billericay Town centre is a Conservation Area on the approved Basildon District Local Plan, covering Laindon Road, Sun Street, Southend Road, Chapel Street, High Street and Western Road, a total of over 400 properties, including 35 listed buildings.
The southern end of the High Street has public offices, Public Library, Royal Mail Sorting Office, Police Station, former Magistrates and Coroner's court building, and in Laindon Road, the Fire Station, Ambulance Station, Scout and Air Cadet HQs and two churches.
The neighbourhood areas built in the 1950s and 1960s cover all points of the compass, each with a small parade of convenience shops, sub post office at Harts Corner (SW), Gooseberry Green (West), Stock Road (North), Sunnymede (East) and South Green (SE).
In the 80s substantial new housing development of public housing and mixed development of starter and family homes on the Queens Park Estate (NW) within the Metropolitan Green Belt resulted in hundreds of new homes, with an additional supermarket and 8 shops.
In the 70s and 80s a large number of business and commercial activities moved out of London into south Essex. Improved road (M11, M25, A127, A129, A130, A12), rail and air (London-Stansted) links made Billericay an attractive town for small business.
The Metropolitan Green Belt boundary on the western side and the SE Essex Green Belt promotes a pleasant living and working town. However in the past 20 years several "green lungs" of Green Belt have been lost to new building, as a result of decisions made by Basildon District Council, always strongly opposed by the residents of Billericay.
Within the built up area of the town, and the Billericay
telephone area there is currently a total of 599 active businesses.