Rev. JAMES BOND
In carrying out a family genealogy, there has to be a time where one can state with absolute certainty that this is the reference point; a place from which all family descendents are traceable with source material, and a place where all ascendants with unconfirmed data is speculative.
My particular family positively descends from 1779 when a JAMES BOND was born at Kendal in Westmorland, and all his descending kin have now been positively recorded, however, the unanswered question relates to who his unknown parents were and naturally their ancestors.
On checking through databases, the IGI data, Parish
records, and other researchable material at hand around Kendal, the only
possible male ancestor was found to be a JOHN BOND born about 1750, and residing
at New Hall Farm, Staveley. JOHN
had married AGNES CLERK at Heversham on 10th Jan 1774, but
unfortunately amongst their children baptised a JAMES BOND did not appear. The
siblings were Sarah Bond b. 1773
JOHN BOND of New Hall Farm at the turn of the eighteenth century did own many acres of land around Brackenthwaite in the parish of Nether Staveley, and across to that in Strickland Roger, and it is feasible that this JOHN BOND is the same person who may have bought land situated at “Monk Castle Hill”. New Hall still remains a farmstead today, but not belonging to any Bond family.
The parents of JOHN BOND of New Hall Farm were a RICHARD
BOND b.1725 Skerton,
The land was presented for Auction by the appointed commissioner’s John Sadler of Fritington, John Machell of Low Plains, and John Fryer of Newcastle upon Tyne, who by an Act of Parliament passed in the Forty third year of the Reign of His Majesty King George the Third, were enacted to Bargain and Sell the land, with the Intent being certified under seal in the presence of witness.
The land was bounded on the East by the Kings Highway leading from the City of Carlisle to the Village of Calthwaite in the County of Cumberland, on the West by the land of Richard Bell and William Hack, on the North by a public Road from Gaitsgill to the Village of Broughthwaite, and on the South by the Lands of Isaac Parker and John Gale Esquires.
The Act of Parliament was for the delivering and
Inclosing the Commons and Waste Lands within the several parishes of Penrith
Edenhall Salkeld, otherwise Great Salkeld, Lazonby, Hesket Netheral Hutton, and
Newton the Townships of Middlescough and Braithwaite in the parish of Saint
Mary, Carlisle, and the Townships of Raugton and Gaitsgill and Ivegill in the
parish of Dalston in the ‘Honor of Penrith’ and the Forest of Inglewood in the
County of Cumberland. (Note: all the
above detail taken from a sealed
The JOHN BOND family of Lancaster must have been fairly wealthy to enable the purchase of such land for Two Thousand Five Hundred Pounds in 1812, and further research would be required to determine the wealth generated, it could have been from Farming, Commerce, or Shipping, all possibilities remain.
There are currently no records available at the Kendal Records Office archive to substantiate the parents of my JAMES BOND who was born at Kendal, so this is where speculation commences and becomes the ‘grey area’ of research.
JAMES BOND my 3 x great grandfather, had six children, the eldest son was named JOHN and the eldest daughter AGNES, and by coincidence the only family at or near to Kendal were the above mentioned JOHN BOND of New Hall, Hagg, near Staveley, who married an AGNES CLERK of Strickland Kettle.
At this point in time, the English naming pattern was popular whereby the first born children took the Christian names of their grandparents. It is therefore quite feasible this John Bond of New Hall and Agnes Bond daughter of WILLIAM CLERK and SUSAN AIREY could have been the his parents. New Hall was (and still remains occupied) a farmstead at the little village of Nether Staveley, and John also farmed at Gateside, further, there was a ‘weir’ on the river Kent at nearby Cowen Head that had a paper-mill owned by Michael & Richard Branthwaite.
On my JAMES BOND
marriage source detail, his occupation was given as a ‘Papermaker’. Could this be where JAMES BOND learnt his
trade? Maybe he started here before
going to the Dean Mill at Midgley in
It appears JAMES BOND was without doubt a well-read man, so where as a child was he educated? There were very few educational establishments at the Staveley deanery of Kendal in Westmorland, but at nearby Gateside there was a Chapel School run by Rev. THOMAS AIREY, maybe this preacher was brother to Henry Airey (Susan’s father), he taught the village children, and could subsequently have been the master and later mentor of JAMES BOND. There was also a school provided on subscription by George Jopson actually at Staveley, a small Church of England primary school from 1755 to 1840 when it was rebuilt. This old school could well have been where JAMES BOND started his very early education as a child, but unfortunately there is no supportive evidence. Moving forward …
MIDGLEY & LUDDENDEN
age of 21 years, JAMES BOND was resident at Midgley in the West Riding of
Yorkshire, newly married to an
On the JAMES BOND marriage entry detail, he further gave
his residence as ‘The
Vicarage’, and that would be by definition the VICARAGE
At the beginning of the 19th century, the mill became redundant and the buildings were converted to Cottages. The site was known as the VICARAGE because John Midgley bequeathed the rent to support the Curate at Luddenden. In 1840, Jonathan Bracken bought the cottages. Mr Tim Midgley informs me that in ‘A concise history of the Parish and Vicarage of Halifax, in the County of York’ by John Crabtree, p.428 is given an extract from the will of John Midgley of Midgley stating that … “I give to the curate of the chapel of Luddenden, for the time being, and his survivors, curates there, for ever, one fulling-mill or paper-mill, with one holme or croft thereto belonging, to preach a sermon yearly and every year, for ever, upon every sixteenth day of February from and after my decease; and also one loft in the said chapel which was erected therein (and is now standing) by my deceased brother William Midgley, to and for the use and benefit of the said curate for ever”
In 1801 JAMES BOND the ‘papermaker’, was living in Midgley at the Vicarage Mill in the heart of the Halifax Woollen Industry at Broadfold, whether he had travelled over the packhorse trail from Kendal, or arrived from under the firm guardianship of James Carr, his ultimate faith was strong and he became a firm believer of Christian ways. The established organised Church of theological and ecclesiastical principles was perhaps never a real attraction to him, especially having experienced the Catholic upheavals of that time, but rather that of men and women whose bonds of union were the love of the same Divine Lord, with a passion for prayer and Bible study, - after all he was now residing amongst the non-conformists.
However more questions now arise – How did he come from around Kendal in Westmorland? and why did he become an independent Christian?
At the turn of the century, the Independent chapel he attended was at BOOTH (closed abt.1988). The Minister was Rev. Josh Pollard and he baptised all of the James Bond siblings, and probably had a profound influence on the family.
BOND became a devoted un-denominational Christian, an Independent, at a
time leading from when ‘Dissent’ was considered being in league with the powers
of darkness and a dangerous enemy to the internal peace and unity of the
State. Persecution often befriends
rather than blights a cause, and so it was in this case. Rowdy crowds, befitting
a disorderly rabble, had preyed on Dissenting ministers, and only through their
zeal, scriptural knowledge, preaching ability and desire of a true
Although it cannot be said exactly where JAMES BOND
received his religious instruction in Yorkshire, it may not have been too far
away, at EWOOD
As a point of further interest, over a hundred years ago, a plate was found and named The Brearley Plate which related to the educational establishments run by the Rev. John Fawcett; - the Plate story is well worth viewing. see http://www.milltownmemories.org.uk/mm2/6.html
Brearley Hall, in Midgley, near
A very pleasant and healthy situation.
Youths are genteely boarded and trained up,
With diligence and fidelity,
And care in several branches
Of literature necessary for
Civil and active life
By J. Fawcett and Assistants.
Terms: Board and tutorage, if under 15 years of age, £15 per annum; If above, 16 guineas.
Entrance: half a guinea and a pair of sheets. Washing 5 shillings a quarter.’’
Ewood Hall was a single Manor house with its estate in
There was another possibility like the
Before moving on to MARSDEN, it was important to further establish the ancestors of JAMES BOND, and though consideration had been given to the Townships of Kendal, and the BOND families resident in that area, other possibilities needed attention, so the field of research required widening.
TAX CENSUS 1811
BURY St. EDMUNDS.
Further research in to this ‘gentry’ aspect with local connections has discovered that a Sir THOMAS BOND (1637-1685) 1st Baronet from Bury St. Edmunds, in Suffolk, had bought an estate with land at KENDAL from his brother-in-law Sir THOMAS CRIMES who also had a house in Pall Mall, assessed for Hearth Tax in 1674 with twenty hearths, and the country estate in Peckham and Camberwell, he also owned land in Yorkshire at Kirby Malham, Malham Dale and Fountains Fell.
Sir THOMAS BOND 1st Baronet of Peckham, was
married to MARIE de la Garde PELIOT of Paris Fr., she died and was buried at
THOMAS BOND of Peckham, the second son of the
1st Baronet, married Lady HENERITTA MARIA JERMYN (1665-1698), her Ladyship was the daughter of Thomas, Lord Jermyn,
2nd Baron. They had
issue, and one child named HENRY JERMYN BOND (1693-1748) married in 1719 JANE
GODFREY of Piccadilly,
In 1724 at Bury St. Edmunds, HENRY JERMYN BOND and JANE
GODFREY had a son JAMES BOND at Bury St. Edmunds in Suffolk, and he came up
north and married a *
The BOND family of Bury St. Edmunds had a number of branches; some were involved in real estate, land and commerce, and others in shipping. The direct ancestral lineage of Sir THOMAS BOND of Peckham descends from Sir THOMAS BOND M.D. of Hoxton b.1580, his father was Sir GEORGE BOND of Buckland, Dorset, who was Lord Mayor of London in 1587, and he had a brother WILLIAM BOND of Crosby Palace who earlier was Alderman & Sheriff of London in 1568., they in turn descended from WILLIAM BOND of West Buckland who died back in 1509.
Other branches of the Bond’s of
It may appear from the above that the BOND family name
had important historical connections and standing, especially when it is
considered the famous
In genealogical terms, it must be appreciated that the first hundred years of most research is limited to information gained from living persons and family recollections, then the National Census of 1841 became assessable, and further knowledge gleamed.
Prior to the establishment of the census system, researchers looked towards the Parish records for certified sources of data, the County and District records, Church, Land, Tax, Deeds, Wills, the IGI – and many other available sources. It is perhaps also true to say that if a person or family had certain ‘connections’ of note, or had achieved ‘notable success’ in their lifetime, then their account would probably have been recorded in some historical way and therefore more information obtainable. All families have had their’ ups’ and ‘downs’ through the generations, and because some were classed as ‘gentry’ does not necessarily mean they or their descending family were of that being, they were really no different to anyone else, just simply hard working ordinary folk living normal lifestyles, so ordinary that in most cases their existence was never recognised or recorded and they thence become a brick-wall mystery for researchers. Their ancestors may have had wealth and a formal standing, but over time changes take place, and that is a fact of life. If through research someone suddenly appears to have ‘connections’, then that is a great help, it opens up doorways leading to established records and should not therefore be overlooked.
INGLEBY, Sir CHARLES (fl. 1688), judge, a descendant
of Sir Thomas Ingleby, judge of the king's bench in the reign of Edward
Lawkland Hall Austwick Hall
JAMES BOND (b.1724) and
Thirty years later in 1779, my JAMES BOND was born, and that was the period in time when the INGILBY family next changed faith from being Catholic to become Protestant, though more of an Independent persuasion.
Regarding the exact birth particulars of my JAMES BOND – these have not yet been disclosed or discovered.
In the History of Lawkland Hall by Emmeline Garnett (http://ingilbyhistory.ripleycastle.co.uk/ingilby_4/History%20of%20Lawkland%20Hall.pdf) there is a written passage regarding the Ingilby family plight … ‘It is noticeable that with the passage of years the Ingleby’s slid down the social scale. They were no longer making marriages across several counties, but linking up with their neighbours. Three succeeding generations in the eighteenth century looked no further for their wives than Kilnsey, Westhouse and Stainforth. They seem to have lived very quiet lives. Eldest sons inherited the estate of some 500 acres; younger sons became attorneys or parsons’…
The most interesting point is that probably not all
baptisms and marriages that took place at Lawkland Hall were recorded, and
officially handed over to the
According to Wikipedia, (the free encyclopaedia) - In
The Act was subject to an oath renouncing Stuart claims
to the throne and the civil jurisdiction of the Pope; it also allowed Roman
Catholics to own property, to inherit land, and to join the army. However, reaction against this led to
The British Roman Catholic Relief Act 1791 was adopted by the Irish Parliament in 1792–93.
Since the electoral franchise at the time was largely determined by property, this relief gave the votes to Roman Catholics holding land with a rental value of £2 a year. They also started to gain access to many middle-class professions from which they had been excluded, such as the legal profession, grand jurors, universities and the lower ranks of the army and judiciary.
The INGILBY family were thus going through major changes and financial problems were being generated. They seemed to have been left with insufficient personal estate to satisfy their requirements, and Austwick Hall was leased to a Solicitor who is understand to have descendants later in Australia.
JAMES BOND (b.1724) who had married
Following the death of James Bond (b.1724),
JAMES CARR was a well known Solicitor and land-owner, and it is established that he became the guardian of HENRY JERMYN BOND and JANE BOND.
It is this HENRY JERMYN BOND b.1750 that I believe could be the father of my JAMES BOND (b.1779) - the dates would match, and this is now my prime target for research.
It must be further mentioned that JAMES CARR, Solicitor, had property in Luddendend, and had probably had connections with the same Midgley family that owned the 'Vicarage' cottages where my JAMES BOND resided, as it is also noted that in Luddendend a property owned by a Midgley member leased a property to a Carr family member. - as a point of interest a George Thomas Carr (1791-1828) of Colne married a Sarah Midgley, and also a James Carr b.1715 Giggleswick (and a twin of William Carr, Solicitor of Colne) had married Elizabeth Ingilby of Austwick in 1746 at Hutton Co. Westmorland , - this all leads me to consider there must be some form of family connection involved.
In 1823 JAMES BOND, now a preacher, moved from Midgley and became the
Independent Minister at CLAYTON WEST.
Two years later on
sketch of original Chapel 1807- 1858
The Ministry of Rev. JAMES BOND from 1824-1846 was
recorded in a book titled the “History of
There was not a manse for the minister at that time, but within months friends in the congregation and neighbourhood engaged to subscribe a certain sum to erect one, but this fell short of the amount required and the rest was borrowed on interest £86.10s to get the shell of a house.
That it was “a shell of a house” was clearly so, for it was said “There is not a bedroom in the minister’s house ceiled off, nor chamber, study, house or school under-drawn ”. Following an appeal, £171 was raised and the house made convenient.
The manse adjoined the chapel, and the minister Rev.
JAMES BOND paid
a rental of £2 per annum for the privilege. Congregational support was always
relied upon, and to illustrate this point further, on
The ministry of Rev. JAMES BOND was of an unique character. He not only preached and attended to the spiritual needs of his flock, but he was famous as a healer of physical sores, his ‘salve’ being remembered and used fifty years after his parting, at least up to the turn of the century, but what that cure consisted of I have no knowledge. If anyone residing around the Marsden area has any idea of this ‘salve’ then please let me know.
Whilst the only education some people got at Marsden was received at his day school, what subjects the curriculum embraced we do not fully know, but the penmanship taught would have been of the highest order. In that useful art James Bond was indeed a master, and the Rev. Beaumont in his book of 1900 said “ It would be difficult, almost impossible, to find his equal amongst modern ministers”. Sample letters to the Church Deacons penned by JAMES BOND in 1837 and 1846, produced by the quill in candlelight, are now in the West Yorkshire Archives for all to see, they illustrate his talent and confirm his educational ability. The spiritual side of his ministry resulted in steady progress. Not a year passed but some one confessed discipleship and joined the Church, in all he Baptised 865 persons at Marsden.
The Marsden Congregational Chapel was rebuilt in 1858
just two years following the death of Rev. JAMES BOND, and in 1930’s this Chapel
was pulled down when the Congregation joined the
The Buckley Hill Chapel Burial Ground at Marsden was
closed with the last interment on
Samuel Laycock, (emphatically the Laureate of the Cotton Famine), was the famous writer of poetry, such as ‘ Welcome, Bonny Brid’ and sketches in the Lancashire dialect, though he was by birth a Yorkshire man, being born on the 27th January 1826 at MARSDEN. Samuel Laycock actually attended the Rev. JAMES BOND Sunday School, and that is where he probably was initially taught to read, write, and love knowledge.
It should be mention that the earlier Rev. John Fawcett (Ewood Hall) teachings must have had some impact on Rev. JAMES BOND, and that this knowledge would have featured in his Sunday School lessons, because in verse 6 of the ‘SCHOOL BOYS RESOLUTION’ written by Fawcett, it was quoted ..
“My native tongue I’ll strive to learn - My study this shall be,
That I its beauties may discern - And speak it properly.”
Samuel Laycock moved on from Marsden with his family to live in Staleybridge along with other Cotton Mill workers, and it was here that he gained fame by reproducing the native dialect tongue in such a poetic form.
At the Buckley Hill Chapel Burial Ground, Marsden, the following members of a Laycock family were among the Interments, and they may well have all been related to Samuel Laycock: Betty Laycock 1821, Fanny Laycock 1822, Robert Laycock 1822, Mary Laycock 1828 (widow of Robert Laycock), John Laycock 20th June 1837 (son of Richard Laycock), Abraham Laycock 5th March 1847, and Betty Laycock 8th July 1849.
Music was also the love of Rev. JAMES BOND, Church and orchestral music being
encouraged with choral singing of tunes lofty and plain enthused by the
congregation. A choir was established in 1806, and under his guidance in 1829
instruments were introduced. Over
time the choir became renowned, and could even be considered forefront in
contributing to the early days of the most famous but not the oldest of the
When the Marsden choir was originally formed, strict compliance to rules was instituted. Each member paid sixpence monthly towards the choir fund, and was fined tuppence (two pence) for neglect. The tutor was paid two shillings each week and was to pay the same sum himself if he neglected his work. Singers had to be in their places promptly, and a fine was paid of two pence for any unreasonable absence. Even the stewards were to forfeit two shillings each if the account of finances was not presented by a certain date. Considering how much Mill textile workers earned practically 200 hundred years ago, the above fines were certainly an appreciable amount to pay, so it’s no wonder they were very attentive.
The time came when Rev. JAMES BOND his work as Pastor
was finished, having served God and the Church for over twenty-one years, he
sent in his resignation, dated
Siblings of JAMES BOND were mostly
employed in the Wool and Cotton Industry, working at local Mills. Their
occupations varied and included working as a ‘wool comber’, ‘wool weaver’,
‘burler’, ‘cotton roller coverer’, and ’cotton carder’ etc. One of his siblings GEORGE BOND married
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