In carrying out a family genealogy, there has to be a time where one can state with absolute certainty that this is the reference point; a place from which all family descendents are traceable with source material, and a place where all ascendants with unconfirmed data is speculative.

My particular family positively descends from 1779 when a JAMES BOND was born at Kendal in Westmorland, and all his descending kin have now been positively recorded, however, the unanswered question relates to who his unknown parents were and naturally their ancestors.



On checking through databases, the IGI data, Parish records, and other researchable material at hand around Kendal, the only possible male ancestor was found to be a JOHN BOND born about 1750, and residing at New Hall Farm, Staveley.  JOHN had married AGNES CLERK at Heversham on 10th Jan 1774, but unfortunately amongst their children baptised a JAMES BOND did not appear. The siblings were Sarah Bond b. 1773 Kirkland, Alice Bond b.4 Sep 1774 Kendal (Underbarrow), John Bond b. 2 Apr 1780 at Staveley, and Charles Bond b. 13 Jun 1788 at Kendal.

JOHN BOND of New Hall Farm at the turn of the eighteenth century did own many acres of land around Brackenthwaite in the parish of Nether Staveley, and across to that in Strickland Roger, and it is feasible that this JOHN BOND is the same person who may have bought land situated at “Monk Castle Hill”.    New Hall still remains a farmstead today, but not belonging to any Bond family.




The parents of JOHN BOND of New Hall Farm were a RICHARD BOND b.1725 Skerton, Lancaster, who married ALICE FAIRCLOUGH at Garstang on 19th Oct 1742.   At Lancaster there were quite a number of BOND families, and it is reasonable to assume that many were cousin related. As an example, in 1801/02 a JOHN BOND who was a son of JOHN BOND of Staveley became a Freeman of Lancaster.  


MONK CASTLE HILL -   Forest of Inglewood.

 On the 9th November 1812, at the public Auction held at the “Crown and Mitre Inn”, in the City of Carlisle, Cumberland. JOHN BOND of Lancaster in the County palatine of Lancaster Esquire purchased a parcel of land containing Two Hundred and Forty Six Acres One Rood and Six perches, at “Monk Castle Hill” in the landed Forest of Inglewood, at a cost of Two Thousand Five Hundred Pounds.

The land was presented for Auction by the appointed commissioner’s John Sadler of Fritington, John Machell of Low Plains, and John Fryer of Newcastle upon Tyne, who by an Act of Parliament passed in the Forty third year of the Reign of His Majesty King George the Third, were enacted to Bargain and Sell the land, with the Intent being certified under seal in the presence of witness.

The land was bounded on the East by the Kings Highway leading from the City of Carlisle to the Village of Calthwaite in the County of Cumberland, on the West by the land of Richard Bell and William Hack, on the North by a public Road from Gaitsgill to the Village of Broughthwaite, and on the South by the Lands of Isaac Parker and John Gale Esquires.

The Act of Parliament was for the delivering and Inclosing the Commons and Waste Lands within the several parishes of Penrith Edenhall Salkeld, otherwise Great Salkeld, Lazonby, Hesket Netheral Hutton, and Newton the Townships of Middlescough and Braithwaite in the parish of Saint Mary, Carlisle, and the Townships of Raugton and Gaitsgill and Ivegill in the parish of Dalston in the ‘Honor of Penrith’ and the Forest of Inglewood in the County of Cumberland.      (Note: all the above detail taken from a sealed Sale certificate in my possession).

The JOHN BOND family of Lancaster must have been fairly wealthy to enable the purchase of such land for Two Thousand Five Hundred Pounds in 1812, and further research would be required to determine the wealth generated, it could have been from Farming, Commerce, or Shipping, all possibilities remain. 



There are currently no records available at the Kendal Records Office archive to substantiate the parents of my JAMES BOND who was born at Kendal, so this is where speculation commences and becomes the ‘grey area’ of research.

JAMES BOND my 3 x great grandfather, had six children, the eldest son was named JOHN and the eldest daughter AGNES, and by coincidence the only family at or near to Kendal were the above mentioned JOHN BOND of New Hall, Hagg, near Staveley, who married an AGNES CLERK of Strickland Kettle.

At this point in time, the English naming pattern was popular whereby the first born children took the Christian names of their grandparents.  It is therefore quite feasible this John Bond of New Hall and Agnes Bond daughter of WILLIAM CLERK and SUSAN AIREY could have been the his parents.    New Hall was (and still remains occupied) a farmstead at the little village of Nether Staveley, and John also farmed at Gateside, further, there was a ‘weir’ on the river Kent at nearby Cowen Head that had a paper-mill owned by Michael & Richard Branthwaite.

On my JAMES BOND marriage source detail, his occupation was given as a ‘Papermaker’.   Could this be where JAMES BOND learnt his trade?  Maybe he started here before going to the Dean Mill at Midgley in Yorkshire.  As a point of interest, Staveley and Kendal had fulling mills going back to the 1200's at least, although they only came into prominence during Edward III's reign after the influx of Flemish weavers.

It appears JAMES BOND was without doubt a well-read man, so where as a child was he educated?  There were very few educational establishments at the Staveley deanery of Kendal in Westmorland, but at nearby Gateside there was a Chapel School run by Rev. THOMAS AIREY, maybe this preacher was brother to Henry Airey (Susan’s father), he taught the village children, and could subsequently have been the master and later mentor of JAMES BOND. There was also a school provided on subscription by George Jopson actually at Staveley, a small Church of England primary school from 1755 to 1840 when it was rebuilt. This old school could well have been where JAMES BOND started his very early education as a child, but unfortunately there is no supportive evidence.  Moving forward …



At the age of 21 years, JAMES BOND was resident at Midgley in the West Riding of Yorkshire, newly married to an ANN BUTTERFIELD of Ovenden; and he gave his occupation as being a ‘Papermaker’ on his marriage dated 3rd May 1801 at Halifax.   In 1726 John Midgley was making paper at Dean Mill on Luddenden Brook, which had two water wheels, one being for the glazing mill. These mills were operated from 1792-1921 by the firm Jonathan Bracken and Sons.  Luddenden is the next village to Midgley.



On the JAMES BOND marriage entry detail, he further gave his residence as ‘The Vicarage’, and that would be by definition the VICARAGE MILL at Luddenden, the true name of the Mill is not known. This was a fulling mill and was later used by John Midgley for the manufacture of paper.

At the beginning of the 19th century, the mill became redundant and the buildings were converted to Cottages. The site was known as the VICARAGE because John Midgley bequeathed the rent to support the Curate at Luddenden.   In 1840, Jonathan Bracken bought the cottages.  Mr Tim Midgley informs me that in ‘A concise history of the Parish and Vicarage of Halifax, in the County of York’ by John Crabtree, p.428 is given an extract from the will of John Midgley of Midgley stating that …   “I give to the curate of the chapel of Luddenden, for the time being, and his survivors, curates there, for ever, one fulling-mill or paper-mill, with one holme or croft thereto belonging, to preach a sermon yearly and every year, for ever, upon every sixteenth day of February from and after my decease; and also one loft in the said chapel which was erected therein (and is now standing) by my deceased brother William Midgley, to and for the use and benefit of the said curate for ever”

In 1801 JAMES BOND the ‘papermaker’, was living in Midgley at the Vicarage Mill in the heart of the Halifax Woollen Industry at Broadfold, whether he had travelled over the packhorse trail from Kendal, or arrived from under the firm guardianship of James Carr,  his ultimate faith was strong and he became a firm believer of Christian ways.  The established organised Church of theological and ecclesiastical principles was perhaps never a real attraction to him, especially having experienced the Catholic upheavals of that time, but rather that of men and women whose bonds of union were the love of the same Divine Lord, with a passion for prayer and Bible study, - after all he was now residing amongst the non-conformists.

However more questions now arise – How did he come from around Kendal in Westmorland?  and why did he become an independent Christian? 



At the turn of the century, the Independent chapel he attended was at BOOTH (closed abt.1988).  The Minister was Rev. Josh Pollard and he baptised all of the James Bond siblings, and probably had a profound influence on the family.

JAMES BOND became a devoted un-denominational Christian, an Independent, at a time leading from when ‘Dissent’ was considered being in league with the powers of darkness and a dangerous enemy to the internal peace and unity of the State.  Persecution often befriends rather than blights a cause, and so it was in this case. Rowdy crowds, befitting a disorderly rabble, had preyed on Dissenting ministers, and only through their zeal, scriptural knowledge, preaching ability and desire of a true Church of Christ that such independents prevailed.



Although it cannot be said exactly where JAMES BOND received his religious instruction in Yorkshire, it may not have been too far away, at EWOOD HALL, between Midgley and Mytholmrody, this was an Academy  run by the Rev. JOHN FAWCETT, for training Particular Baptist ministers, and in all probability this was where James attended.  Incidentally by coincidence John Fawcett also came from Westmorland like James Bond.  In 1817 Dr Fawcett died at Ewood Hall.  




As a point of further interest, over a hundred years ago, a plate was found and named The Brearley Plate  which related to the educational establishments run by the Rev. John Fawcett; - the Plate story is well worth viewing. see  

                                                                       "At Brearley Hall, in Midgley, near Halifax.
                                                                           A very pleasant and healthy situation.
                                                                       Youths are genteely boarded and trained up,
                                                                                   With diligence and fidelity,
                                                                                 And care in several branches
                                                                                   Of literature necessary for
                                                                                          Civil and active life
                                                                                  By J. Fawcett and Assistants.
                                   Terms: Board and tutorage, if under 15 years of age, £15 per annum; If above, 16 guineas.
                                   Entrance: half a guinea and a pair of sheets.  Washing 5 shillings a quarter.’’

Ewood Hall was a single Manor house with its estate in the township of Midgley. The Farrar’s (Farrer, Ferror) families resided there in the 16th century. The Royalist troops camped at Ewood before the Battle of Heptonstall in the 1643 Civil War, and in 1752 JOHN WESLEY preached there, and with his brother Charles visited the Hall on numerous occasions. This would be in the early days of Methodism when the Independents held a strong footing.  

There was another possibility like the Airedale Academy, which was founded in 1800 as “The Academy of Idle” (near Bradford), not too far over Ovenden Moor on way to Shipley. This Academy was established to train young men to become Independent Ministers, and it replaced the two Independent Academies of Heckmondwike (founded 1781 by the Rev. James Scott, formerly of Tockholes) and Northowram. The Academy of Idle was at Upper Chapel, Idle.  Later in 1826 the Academy changed to become “Airedale Independent College”.  The Library of Dr. Williams, which held records of Independents, has confirmed the ministry of James Bond at Marsden, but did not have knowledge of him attending Airedale Academy. It is therefore presumed that either Ewood Hall or Brearley Hall was the place where James Bond attended his religious instruction.

Before moving on to MARSDEN, it was important to further establish the ancestors of JAMES BOND, and though consideration had been given to the Townships of Kendal, and the BOND families resident in that area, other possibilities needed attention, so the field of research required widening. 



On the Halifax Tax census of 1811 covering Midgley,  for the Vicarage cottage, where JAMES BOND resided with his wife ANN (nee. Butterfield) his status entry was given as JAS BOND, 5 males, 2 females: of these 2 'gentry'.  The word ‘gentry’ made me wonder if members of the resident family had in effect some standing with a family of wealth, although they themselves had next to nothing, they had not been classed as yeoman or part of a farming community previously considered, they were simply a working family having apparently  a “gentry’ background. 


BURY St. EDMUNDS.  -   Suffolk

Further research in to this gentry aspect with local connections has discovered that a Sir THOMAS BOND (1637-1685) 1st Baronet from Bury St. Edmunds, in Suffolk, had bought an estate with land at KENDAL from his brother-in-law Sir THOMAS CRIMES who also had a house in Pall Mall, assessed for Hearth Tax in 1674 with twenty hearths, and the country estate in Peckham and Camberwell, he also owned land in Yorkshire at Kirby Malham, Malham Dale and Fountains Fell.

Sir THOMAS BOND 1st Baronet of Peckham, was married to MARIE de la Garde PELIOT of Paris Fr., she died and was buried at Westminster Abbey.   Sir THOMAS and MARIE had two sons, namely Sir HENRY BOND, 2nd Bart (1660-1721) and THOMAS BOND of Peckham, b.1667

THOMAS BOND of Peckham, the second son of the 1st Baronet, married Lady HENERITTA MARIA JERMYN (1665-1698), her Ladyship was the daughter of Thomas, Lord Jermyn, 2nd Baron.  They had issue, and one child named HENRY JERMYN BOND (1693-1748) married in 1719 JANE GODFREY of Piccadilly, London.

In 1724 at Bury St. Edmunds, HENRY JERMYN BOND and JANE GODFREY had a son JAMES BOND at Bury St. Edmunds in Suffolk, and he came up north and married a *MARY INGILBY of Stainforth, Yorkshire, on 25th April 1748.  After the death of HENRY JERMYN BOND, his relic Jane Godfrey then married Lord Thomas Gage of Castle Island on 26th Dec 1750.

The BOND family of Bury St. Edmunds had a number of branches; some were involved in real estate, land and commerce, and others in shipping.  The direct ancestral lineage of Sir THOMAS BOND of Peckham descends from Sir THOMAS BOND M.D. of Hoxton b.1580,  his father was Sir GEORGE BOND of Buckland, Dorset, who was Lord Mayor of London in 1587, and he had a brother WILLIAM BOND of Crosby Palace who earlier was Alderman & Sheriff of London in 1568., they in turn descended from WILLIAM BOND of West Buckland who died back in 1509.

Other branches of the Bond’s of Suffolk can be connected with Erth in Cornwall, and also with the Bond’s in Northern Ireland.

It may appear from the above that the BOND family name had important historical connections and standing, especially when it is considered the famous BOND Street in London was established by this family in Suffolk. 

In genealogical terms, it must be appreciated that the first hundred years of most research is limited to information gained from living persons and family recollections, then the National Census of 1841 became assessable, and further knowledge gleamed.

Prior to the establishment of the census system, researchers looked towards the Parish records for certified sources of data, the County and District records, Church, Land, Tax, Deeds, Wills, the IGI  – and many other available sources.  It is perhaps also true to say that if a person or family had certain ‘connections’ of note, or had achieved ‘notable success’ in their lifetime, then their account would probably have been recorded in some historical way and therefore more information obtainable.  All families have had their’ ups’ and ‘downs’ through the generations, and because some were classed as ‘gentry’ does not necessarily mean they or their descending family were of that being, they were really no different to anyone else, just simply hard working ordinary folk living normal lifestyles, so ordinary that in most cases their existence was never recognised or recorded and they thence become a brick-wall mystery for researchers.  Their ancestors may have had wealth and a formal standing, but over time changes take place, and that is a fact of life.  If through research someone suddenly appears to have ‘connections’, then that is a great help, it opens up doorways leading to established records and should not therefore be overlooked.   



*MARY INGILBY was the daughter of THOMAS INGLEBY of Austwick Hall, Nr. Clapham, Yorkshire, who had married ELIZABETH HUSBAND of Bentham Hall, and MARY was the grand-daughter of Sir CHARLES INGLEBY and ALATHERA EYSTON.  The following extracted data is sourced from the Wikipedia Foundation, it describes Sir CHARLES as being the son of JOHN INGLEBY (1599-1648) of Larkland Hall.

INGLEBY, Sir CHARLES (fl. 1688), judge, a descendant of Sir Thomas Ingleby, judge of the king's bench in the reign of Edward III, was third son of John Ingleby of Lawkland, Yorkshire. He was admitted a member of Gray's Inn in June 1663, and called to the bar in November 1671. He was a Roman Catholic, and in February 1680 was charged by the informers Bolron and Moubray with complicity in the Gascoigne plot [see Gascoigne, Sir Thomas], and was committed to the King's Bench prison, but upon his trial at York in July he was acquitted. Upon the accession of James II he was promoted, and was made a baron of the Irish court of exchequer, 23 April 1686, but, refusing to proceed to Ireland, was made a serjeant in May of the following year, and on 6 July 1688 was knighted and made a baron of the English court of exchequer. In November, upon the landing of William of Orange, his patent was superseded, and he returned to the bar. His is almost the only case in which a judge has resumed practice. In April 1693 he was fined 40s. at the York assizes for refusing to take the oaths of allegiance to William and Mary. The date of his death is unknown. Whitaker, in his ‘History of Richmondshire,’ ii. 350, apparently referring to him, but under the wrong name of John, says that he died shortly after the revolution at Anstwick Hall, and was buried at Clapham in Yorkshire; but the register of Roman catholic landholders in the West Riding of Yorkshire, 1717-34, is headed by the name of Sir Charles Ingleby, knight, serjeant-at-law (Hist. MSS. Comm. 9th Rep. pt. i. pp. 327 b, 346 a).


                              Lawkland Hall                              Austwick Hall

JAMES BOND (b.1724) and MARY INGLEBY had two children, namely HENRY JERMYN BOND at Giggleswick and JANE BOND at Clapham, both born in 1749, however, they were later brought to the Lawkland Hall Catholic Chapel, and then baptised with the Latin designated names of HENRICUS JERMYNUS BOND and JANA BOND. - This confirms the INGLEBY (Ingilby) family were well established Catholics, and maybe also the BOND family of Bury St. Edmund in Suffolk.

Thirty years later in 1779, my JAMES BOND was born, and that was the period in time when the INGILBY family next changed faith from being Catholic to become Protestant, though more of an Independent persuasion. 

Regarding the exact birth particulars of my JAMES BOND – these have not yet been disclosed or discovered.                                          

In the History of Lawkland Hall by Emmeline Garnett ( there is a written passage regarding the Ingilby family plight … ‘It is noticeable that with the passage of years the Ingleby’s slid down the social scale. They were no longer making marriages across several counties, but linking up with their neighbours. Three succeeding generations in the eighteenth century looked no further for their wives than Kilnsey, Westhouse and Stainforth. They seem to have lived very quiet lives. Eldest sons inherited the estate of some 500 acres; younger sons became attorneys or parsons’…

The most interesting point is that probably not all baptisms and marriages that took place at Lawkland Hall were recorded, and officially handed over to the Mission Commissioners.  At this period in time a lot of discontent existed, there was fear of disclosures, an uncertainty of trust existed within the established families, and as a consequence many ultimately resulted in financial ruin.  Land taxes probably had a bearing in this respect.

According to Wikipedia, (the free encyclopaedia) - In Great Britain and Ireland, the first Relief Act, called the "Papists Act", was passed in 1778.

The Act was subject to an oath renouncing Stuart claims to the throne and the civil jurisdiction of the Pope; it also allowed Roman Catholics to own property, to inherit land, and to join the army.  However, reaction against this led to riots in Scotland in 1779, and then the Gordon Riots in London on the 2nd June 1780.  Further relief was given by an Act of 1782 allowing the establishment of Roman Catholic schools and bishops.

The British Roman Catholic Relief Act 1791 was adopted by the Irish Parliament in 1792–93.

Since the electoral franchise at the time was largely determined by property, this relief gave the votes to Roman Catholics holding land with a rental value of £2 a year. They also started to gain access to many middle-class professions from which they had been excluded, such as the legal profession, grand jurors, universities and the lower ranks of the army and judiciary.


The INGILBY family were thus going through major changes and financial problems were being generated. They seemed to have been left with insufficient personal estate to satisfy their requirements, and Austwick Hall was leased to a Solicitor who is understand to have descendants later in Australia.

JAMES BOND (b.1724) who had married MARY INGILBY died early in his thirties in 1755, leaving two young children.  In his will he left the sum of £1,000 of which £250 was to cover mortgage debts and £750 equally divided between his children - HENRY JERMYN BOND, JANE BOND and relict MARY his wife.   Henry Jermyn Bond and Jane Bond resided at Austwick Hall

Following the death of James Bond (b.1724), MARY then married JONATHAN SMITH who had a sister MARY SMITH that had married a JAMES CARR.

JAMES CARR was a well known Solicitor and land-owner, and it is established that he became the guardian of HENRY JERMYN BOND and JANE BOND.

It is this HENRY JERMYN BOND b.1750 that I believe could be the father of my JAMES BOND (b.1779) - the dates would match, and this is now my prime target for research.

It must be further mentioned that JAMES CARR, Solicitor, had property in Luddendend, and had probably had connections with the same Midgley family that owned the 'Vicarage' cottages where my JAMES BOND resided, as it is also noted that in Luddendend a property owned by a Midgley member leased a property to a Carr family member.  - as a point of interest a George Thomas Carr (1791-1828) of Colne married a Sarah Midgley, and also a James Carr b.1715 Giggleswick (and a twin of William Carr, Solicitor of Colne) had married Elizabeth Ingilby of Austwick in 1746 at Hutton Co. Westmorland , - this all leads me to consider there must be some form of family connection involved.



In 1823 JAMES BOND, now a preacher, moved from Midgley and became the Independent Minister at CLAYTON WEST.  Two years later on 29th May 1825 he accepted the invitation to the pastorate at MARSDEN, and on the 22nd June he removed his family there, and was ordained 17th August, the same year.



                                                               sketch of original Chapel 1807- 1858                         

The Ministry of Rev. JAMES BOND from 1824-1846 was recorded in a book titled the “History of Marsden Congregation Church”, written by Rev. Luke Beaumont in 1900 to commemorate the Churches first 100 years, and chapter 3 was devoted to the Rev. James Bond ministry.     

There was not a manse for the minister at that time, but within months friends in the congregation and neighbourhood engaged to subscribe a certain sum to erect one, but this fell short of the amount required and the rest was borrowed on interest £86.10s to get the shell of a house.

That it was “a shell of a house” was clearly so, for it was said “There is not a bedroom in the minister’s house ceiled off, nor chamber, study, house or school under-drawn ”. Following an appeal, £171 was raised and the house made convenient.

The manse adjoined the chapel, and the minister Rev. JAMES BOND paid a rental of £2 per annum for the privilege. Congregational support was always relied upon, and to illustrate this point further, on the 20th of June 1837, when King William IV died, to express their grief, the Church decided to have a black pulpit cushion. After two years it was thought prudent to cast off his mourning, and to get a new cushion of crimson silk velvet, the cost of which was something over two guineas. This necessitated another appeal, with the result that the new and brighter cushion was paid for, and a surplus left in hand. In 1858 a new Chapel was erected, financed again by subscription.

The ministry of Rev. JAMES BOND was of an unique character. He not only preached and attended to the spiritual needs of his flock, but he was famous as a healer of physical sores, his ‘salve’ being remembered and used fifty years after his parting, at least up to the turn of the century, but what that cure consisted of I have no knowledge.  If anyone residing around the Marsden area has any idea of this ‘salve’ then please let me know.

Whilst the only education some people got at Marsden was received at his day school, what subjects the curriculum embraced we do not fully know, but the penmanship taught would have been of the highest order. In that useful art James Bond was indeed a master, and the Rev. Beaumont in his book of 1900 said “ It would be difficult, almost impossible, to find his equal amongst modern ministers”.  Sample letters to the Church Deacons penned by JAMES BOND in 1837 and 1846, produced by the quill in candlelight, are now in the West Yorkshire Archives for all to see, they illustrate his talent and confirm his educational ability. The spiritual side of his ministry resulted in steady progress.  Not a year passed but some one confessed discipleship and joined the Church, in all he Baptised 865 persons at Marsden.

The Marsden Congregational Chapel was rebuilt in 1858 just two years following the death of Rev. JAMES BOND, and in 1930’s this Chapel was pulled down when the Congregation joined the United Reform Church.

The Buckley Hill Chapel Burial Ground at Marsden was closed with the last interment on 25th December 1857.



Samuel Laycock, (emphatically the Laureate of the Cotton Famine), was the famous writer of poetry, such as ‘ Welcome, Bonny Brid’ and sketches in the Lancashire dialect, though he was by birth a Yorkshire man, being born on the 27th January 1826 at MARSDEN.  Samuel Laycock actually attended the Rev. JAMES BOND Sunday School, and that is where he probably was initially taught to read, write, and love knowledge.

It should be mention that the earlier Rev. John Fawcett (Ewood Hall) teachings must have had some impact on Rev. JAMES BOND, and that this knowledge would have featured in his Sunday School lessons, because in verse 6 of the ‘SCHOOL BOYS RESOLUTION’ written by Fawcett, it was quoted  ..

                                                                      “My native tongue I’ll strive to learn - My study this shall be,

                                                                           That I its beauties may discern - And speak it properly.”

Samuel Laycock moved on from Marsden with his family to live in Staleybridge along with other Cotton Mill workers, and it was here that he gained fame by reproducing the native dialect tongue in such a poetic form.

At the Buckley Hill Chapel Burial Ground, Marsden, the following members of a Laycock family were among the Interments, and they may well have all been related to Samuel Laycock:  Betty Laycock 1821, Fanny Laycock 1822, Robert Laycock 1822, Mary Laycock 1828 (widow of Robert Laycock), John Laycock 20th June 1837 (son of Richard Laycock), Abraham Laycock 5th March 1847, and Betty Laycock 8th July 1849.



Music was also the love of Rev. JAMES BOND,  Church and orchestral music being encouraged with choral singing of tunes lofty and plain enthused by the congregation. A choir was established in 1806, and under his guidance in 1829 instruments were introduced.  Over time the choir became renowned, and could even be considered forefront in contributing to the early days of the most famous but not the oldest of the Yorkshire choral societies, perhaps even the Huddersfield Choral Society, which was founded in 1836 by sixteen local musicians.  This latter choir recruited its members mainly from the mixed choirs of nonconformist churches, and maybe the Marsden Chapel was a contributor.

The Huddersfield Choir was and still is today particularly well known for its performances of Handel's Messiah. The Marsden Congregational Chapel choir sung pieces from Handel’s oratorios and also included Kent, Leach, and Croft anthems. On special occasions, with pride and glee, renderings of “Batley Carr” with its many repetitions of lines, was most vigorously performed.

When the Marsden choir was originally formed, strict compliance to rules was instituted. Each member paid sixpence monthly towards the choir fund, and was fined tuppence (two pence) for neglect. The tutor was paid two shillings each week and was to pay the same sum himself if he neglected his work. Singers had to be in their places promptly, and a fine was paid of two pence for any unreasonable absence.  Even the stewards were to forfeit two shillings each if the account of finances was not presented by a certain date. Considering how much Mill textile workers earned practically 200 hundred years ago, the above fines were certainly an appreciable amount to pay, so it’s no wonder they were very attentive. 

The time came when Rev. JAMES BOND his work as Pastor was finished, having served God and the Church for over twenty-one years, he sent in his resignation, dated October 14th 1846.   James Bond thence resided in Thimble Street, at Marsden.   For close upon ten years he was spared, but on 25th March 1856, in his 76th year, he was called to his reward.  His remains were laid in the chapel burial ground, and a tombstone marked it with an inscription, sadly though, when the new Chapel was built in 1858, they were removed elsewhere unknown.

Siblings of JAMES BOND were mostly employed in the Wool and Cotton Industry, working at local Mills. Their occupations varied and included working as a ‘wool comber’, ‘wool weaver’, ‘burler’, ‘cotton roller coverer’, and ’cotton carder’ etc.  One of his siblings GEORGE BOND married MARY DYSON at Huddersfield in 1829, and then in the 1830’s moved across the border to Staleybridge.  Later generations became Grocers, Beer Sellers and eventually Inn Keepers and resided at Ellesmere Port.




                                             A most grateful “thank you” is extended to all contributors for their material, help and assistance in the production of this Web Page. 


                                                                            Peter. W. Bond …                 Ó Copyright






            Revised 21/11/2013