Tregear in 1888

Ancient Crowan

Ancient Monuments

Crowan Parish contains various ancient monuments which are listed below. The remains date from the Bronze Age onwards, but no doubt Mesolithic hunter/gatherers passed through the area and in the Neolithic people probably settled here.


Crowan Beacon shows evidence of having been crowned  by a large cairn like the nearby massive Hangman's Barrow.  This huge cairn is 20m in diameter and still 3m high  despite having been obviously dug into and robbed of stones. It is probably early Bronze Age in date.


On the southern flank of Crowan Beacon, at grid reference SW 6642 3480, is what remains of a Bronze Age stone circle. Only four stones  still stand, but it may once have had 22 to 25 stones  in a circle about 26m across.

Crowan stone circle

The St Aubyn family "collected" Cornish  crosses and three stand within the grounds of Clowance house.


There are Iron Age rounds in the parish, for example at Gear, Crenver and Tregear. These circular earthworks are what remain of defended farmsteads. In fact many of the place names found in the parish have an element meaning fort, probably dating from this period
.

List of archaeological remains in the Parish

Barrows

1 Crowan Beacon - SW 66423508

2 Crowan Beacon - SW 66433507

3 Hangman's Barrow - SW 67333668

4 Crowan Beacon (Black Rock) - Approximately SW 666355

5 Trenoweth (Clowance) - Approximately SW 629342 (no remains) -    Part of Nine Barrow Downs

Rounds

1  Little Binner - SW 61153282 (no remains)

2 Crenver (Drym) - SW 62903331 - place name Kaergenver in 1301

3 Drym Ap. SW 630333 (no remains) (Possibly same as Round 2)

4 Kerthen - SW 58403288 - place name Round Field

5 Tregear - SW 64003431 - place name Park an Gear in 1622 (Partly occupied by farm)

6 Trerise - SW 63803555 - Ploughed out, but shape partly remains in  southern field hedge.

7 Cardinham - SW 64323664  (no remains) - place name Cardynan in 1360

8 Curgenwen - SW 65553560 (no remains) - place name in 1360  Kargenwyn - now Cargenwen Field

9 Carzise - Approximately SW 596340 (no remains) - place name  Kaerseys in 1350

10 Carvolth - SW 65723600 (no remains) - place name Caervolgh in 1313 now Round Field

11 Buscaverran - SW 64683495 (no remains) - place name 'Cranag Common' now Round Field

Round Fields

1 Lower Bolitho - SW 66753480 - place name Round Field

2 Brake - SW 61703360 - place name Round Field

3 Burnt Down (Leedstown) - SW 60603440 - place name Round Field

4 Carn (Bolankan) - SW 64953433  - place name Round Field

5 Carn Veor - SW 65553435 - place name Round Meadow

6 Cargenwen - SW 65423551 - place name Round Field; (same as Round 8?)

7 Dower - SW 67553625  place name Round Field

8 Clowance Wood - SW 62023463 - place name Round Field;  (Destroyed by mining)

9 Newton Round - SW 64843531 - place name Round Meadow

10 Releath - SW 65803330 - place name Round Field

11 Releath - SW 66403300 - place name Ring Close

12 Skewes - SW 63533265 - place name The Round

13 Trethannas - SW 63953586 - place name Round Meadow

Hut Circles

1  Black Rock - Approximately SW 673366 (no remains)

2  Crowan Approximately SW665355 (no remains) - 3 /8th mile due N  of Beacon'

Fogou?

1  Borthog - SW 63333574 (no remains) - place name Bosworthogo in  1300 (farm) - field name in 1680 Park an Toll

Field Systems

1 Hallegan Crofts - SW 644361 to 645363

2 Black Rock - SW 663353 to 663348

Crosses, Cross Sites ?

1 Black Rock - Approximately SW 661349 (no remains) - reported to  have been broken up and used in the building of a house

2 Clowance - SW 63513478 - moved from Boldgate' (SW 62453535)

3 Clowance - SW 63603532 Binnerton Cross moved c. 1883 from crossroads (SW 61103330)

4 Clowance - SW 67743709 - Moved in 1883 from cross roads' (SW 67743709) base from Releath/Polcrebo

5 Praze an Beeble - Approximately SW 636356 (no remains)

6 Bodrivial -SW 65153670 (no remains) - place name Crows Field

7 Borthog - SW 62503542 (no remains) - place name Crows Field; (near Boldgate, Cross 2)

8 Cargenwen - SW 65773560 (no remains) - place name Crows Field

9 Drym - SW 62093324 (no remains) - place name Crows Field

10 Buscaverran - SW 64503408 (no remains) - place name Crows  Field

11 Parish cross? (no remains) - place name Goen an Groushire (Gun an Grows Hyr) in 1536 (down of the long cross

Chapels

1  Binnerton - SW 60853320 (no remains) - Place name The Chapel  and in 1660 Park Chapel

2  Binnerton - SW 60823324 - (no remains) - Private oratory

3  Hallegan - SW 64803692 (no remains) - place name Park Chapel

4  Kerthen - SW 59053320 (no remains) - Licensed 1374, 1380- place name Chapel Field other side of road opposite farm

5  Trethannas - SW 64403590 (no remains) - place name Old Chapel

6  Clowance - Approximately SW 635350

7  Treverike - (no remains)

8  Cargenwen - SW 65523532 (no remains) - Chapel & Plot

Mediaeval

1 Binnerton - SW 60813323 - 15th century Manor House

2 Clowance - Approximately SW 630340 - Deer Park

3 Hallegan - SW 64743689 - 15th century House

4 Botetoe - SW 64083764 - Bridge

Mills

1 Tuckingmill  (Binnerton) - SW 61403310? (no remains)

2 Tuckingmill  (Drym) - SW 62553295 (no remains) - place name  Tuckingmill Farm

3 Churchtown - SW 64453433 - Grist Mill - place names Mill Field and Manor Mill - later   H. Davies' Crowan Pottery)

4 Vellanewuson - SW 66503265 (no remains) - place name in 1740 Vealannusen and later Millpool Field

Post Medieval & Industrial

1 Kerthen - SW 58953320 - 'PiskeyPow' on house

2 Carvolth - Approximately SW 658360 (no remains) - place names  Blowing House, 'Park Vorn'

3 Tregear - SW Ap.641343 (no remains) - Hull

4 Skewes - SW 64003345 (no remains) - place name The Hulls

5 Botetoe - SW 63953770 (no remains) - place name Stamps Croft

6 Trevoole - Approximately SW 641373 (no remains) - place names  Higher and Lower Blowing House Field

7 Skewes - SW 62233271 (no remains) - place name Stamps Field

8 Bodrivial - SW 65153675 (no remains) - place name Pound Field

9 Binnerton  (Tuckingmill) - SW 61403310 (no remains) - place names  Stamps Field, Old Stamps Pool

10 Binnerton - SW 61153280 (no remains) place name - Binner Mills  Stamps

11 Trenoweth - SW 62903646 (no remains) - place name Copper  Bottom Engine House

12 Truthwall - SW 59103380 (no remains) place name Stamps Croft

Miscellaneous Finds

1 Crowan Flint tool, Truro

2 Clowance Stone Axe

3 Hallegan Cheese Press Hallegan

4 Trevoole Ancient Threshing Machine