The Dzerzhinsky Workers Commune (named after Felix Edmundovich Dzerzhinsky the founder of the Soviet secret police) is founded in Kharkov.
Three copies of the Leica 1a produced. These are followed, in 1933, by a further 30. None of these  cameras are known to have survived.
First production model (FED 1) introduced. Around 4000 cameras produced.
The state police service is transferred to the NKVD and this is reflected in the engraving on the cameras. 10000th FED produced.
The Ukraine loses its independence, and the FED commune becomes a Kombinat. The engraving again changes, to indicate this. The 100000th FED is manufactured.
In the face of advancing German forces, the FED Kombinat is evacuated to Berdsk in Siberia. The Kharkov factory is destroyed. Cameras are not produced in Berdsk until 1945/46, when a number are assembled using pre-war parts.
Production resumes in the rebuilt Kharkov factory.
The FED logo appears for the first time.
Around 700000 FED Leica copies have been manufactured since 1934. Introduction of the FED 2, the first Russian Leica copy of Soviet design.
Production of rangefinder cameras continues with the FED 5 series.
Detailed information is available in the book The Authentic Guide To Russian And Soviet Cameras - Jean Loup Princelle - Hove Photo Books (ISBN: 1-874031-63-0 (English) / 1-874031-02-9 (French))
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