1958 - 1980

A workshop is set up in Krasnogorsk, a suburb of Moscow, to manufacture optical equipment. German forces invade the USSR and, in the face of advancing German forces, the workshop is evacuated to Sverdlovsk in the Urals.
With the threat to Moscow diminished, the workshop moves back to Krasnogorsk. Kranogorskii Mekhanicheskii Zavod (Krasnogorsk Mechanical Works), or KMZ, is born. The company spends the remaining war years manufacturing gun sights, binoculars and other optical devices.
Production of the first KMZ 35mm camera commences, with the assembly of parts supplied by the FED factory. These are engraved with the FED logo, the KMZ trapezoid and the year 1948. FED-Zorki production commences, and continues until 1949. Cameras are engraved with 1948 or 1949, as appropriate. Around 5500 FED-Zorki's are made.
Production of the Zorki 1, a copy of the Leica ll, begins. This is destined to continue, with some modifications along the way, until 1956, by which time over 800,000 cameras will have been made.
The Zorki-3, with a higher top plate and removable back/base, is introduced. This is followed by the 3M, in 1954.
The Zorki 2 (a Zorki 1 with a self timer) appears.
Introduction of the Zorki C. This is similar to the last model of the Zorki 1, with a redesigned top plate. This is followed by the 2-C, which is fitted with a self timer.
Introduction of the Zorki 3-C and Zorki 4.
Production of rangefinder cameras continues with the Mir, Zorki 5, Zorki 6 and Zorki 4k.
Zenit SLR's, manufactured by KMZ, are still available.
Detailed information is available in the book The Authentic Guide To Russian And Soviet Cameras - Jean Loup Princelle - Hove Photo Books (ISBN: 1-874031-63-0 (English) / 1-874031-02-9 (French))
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