First daily paper in America is born. Philadelphia May 30, 1783
For the first time, Americans can keep up with events on a daily basis, thanks to Benjamin Towne, publisher of the Pennsylvania Evening Post, who has converted the newspaper from a thrice weekly into a daily. The Post was born on January 24th, 1775, when Towne started it in opposition to the Tory Ledger. Since then, Towne has had a history of switching allegiances. When the redcoats seized Philadelphia, he had become a royalist. When they left, he resumed his his sympathies
New York sees Shakespeare. 1786.
The American Company made theatre history here recently with the first American performance of Shakespeare’s Hamlet It followed up with seven nights of Sheridan’s “School for Scandal” which had its premier in England nine years ago.
U.S. pays Morocco to end pirate raids. Morocco July 11, 1786
Morocco has agreed to stop attacking American ships for a payment of $10,000. Although this is a positive step towards ensuring safe passage for US merchant ships in the Med., the other barbary states, Algiers, Tunis and Tripoli, still pose a threat.
Shakers starting revival movement. New York 1787
With the establishment of a community here, the Shakers are starting to experience a revival of sorts. Under the Rev. Joseph Meacham they have tried to reduce irregularities in worship and behaviour. Meacham assumed leadership upon the death of the Rev. Joseph Whittiker, who succeeded Mother Ann Lee Meacham wants to develop and organised and growing movement.
First cotton mill in United States opens. Pawtucket, Rhode Island 1790
The first cotton mill in the United State was opened here today by Samuel Slater, who brought with him from England the secret of the latest textile machinery. The mill has 250 spindles, which are powered by water and operated by children aged 4 to 10. The mills opening is a direct result of financial incentives offered by the United States for the introduction of textile manufacturing equipment that will enable the country to become independent of foreign supplies.
In England, Slater learned the textile industry as an apprentice to Jedediah Strutt, partner of Richard Arkwright.
President signs bill creating Bank of U.S. Philadelphia Feb. 25, 1791.
The President today signed a bill creating the Bank of the United States despite bitter opposition by many landowners, who feel it will be used by financial interests to oppress them. Washington acted primarily on the urging of Alexander Hamilton, overriding the protests of Thomas Jefferson. The bill makes the bank the depository for government funds and authorises it to establish branches and to issue currency. It will have 25 directors, five appointed by the President, the rest by its stockholders. Hamilton proposed establishment of the bank as a method of providing capital for new industry and insuring a sound money supply.
Vermont admitted to union, as No. 14 Mar 4 1791
Vermont’s lucky number is 14. For 14 years, the region thrived as an independent republic, and today it becomes the 14th state. It is the first state formed since the ratification of the United states Constitution (which it accepted on January 10), and the first to have a no-slavery clause in the state constitution. Many of Vermont’s 85,000 inhabitants desired state hood years ago but there was a problem with New York now resolved.
Frenchman chosen to lay out capital. Maryland, Mar 9,1791.
Major Pierre Charles L’Enfant arrived here today to make sketches for the nation’s capital, the Federal City. L’Enfant, a French engineer and veteran of the Revolution, has designed many building in New York. President Washington chose the major, calling him “the artist of the American Revolution”.
L’Enfant actually petitioned for the assignment in a 1789 letter to Washington. At the time, a capital site had not yet been determined. There were two popular choices on the Delaware River near the falls above Trenton and the Potomac River finally chosen
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