U.S. And Japan discuss economic malaise . Washington May 3, 1978
Accompanied by Foreign Minister Sunno Sonoda, and Minister for External Economic Affairs Nobuhiko Ushiba, Premier Takeo Fukuda met today with congressional leaders to discuss Japan’s troubled economic relationship with the United States. The meeting was arranged by the former Senate majority leader Mike Mansfield, now Ambassador to Tokyo, in hopes of heading off projectionist laws aimed at halting the loss of American jobs to Japan. There is a vast surplus of Japanese exports over imports. Last year, there was an $8.9 billion trade imbalance with the United States.
New law raises retirement age to 70. Washington Apr. 6, 1978
As President Carter signed a law to raise the mandatory retirement age for most Americans from 65 to 70, Representative Claude Pepper beamed with pride. The senior congressman from Florida, who lobbied hard for the bill, called this “a happy day for millions of elderly Americans.” Opponents of the change say it will disturb employment practices, taking jobs from women the young and minorities. But Labour Department studies indicate it will have no long-term effect on the economy.
Ali wins title third time. New Orleans Sep.17, 1978
It was vintage Ali. He floated like a butterfly and stung like a bee. And in the end, Leon Spinks was no longer the world heavyweight champion. Ali was champ for the third time, a feat never achieved in boxing. He outfought Spinks, who said after tonight’s bout “My head was’nt in it.” His head was in it long enough to be jarred by stinging left jabs from the 36 year old Ali. Spinks had taken the title away from Ali in February on a decision, when Ali’s rope a dope and peek-a-boo strategy - bobbing up and down, weaving in and out was not working.
Tragedy at Jonestown Guyana Nov. 18 1978.
Representative Leo J. Ryan was killed today and hundreds more are reported dead in a bizarre murder and mass suicide at an American religious cult community in this South American country. Ryan, 53, was reported killed by followers of the Rev. Jim Jones, a controversial California religious figure. Some 900 Jones followers committed mass suicide. Reports form the area indicate that hundreds of the cultists then swallowed a concoction of Kool-Aid and cyanide - at Jones direction - and that Jones himself also committed suicide. Hundreds of bodies, adults and children, have been found in the Guyana jungle.
Carter: Peace has come. Washington Mar. 26 1979
Building on the success of last year’s Camp David accords, which set the framework for a settlement in the Middle East, President Anwar El-Sadat of Egypt and Prime Minister Menacham Begin of Israel signed a peace treaty this evening in a ceremony held in a huge tent on the south lawn of the White House. Clasping hands with the two leaders, who shared the Nobel peace Prize last December, a jubilant President Carter proclaimed “Peace has come.” But as the President was careful to point out, the treaty is only “a first step.”
Nuclear disaster at Three Mile island. Pennsylvania Mar 31, 1979
A faulty cooling system at the Three Mile Island nuclear power plant has caused the worst nuclear accident in the history of the United States. Two days ago, a combination of human error and stuck valves allowed the fissioning core of the reactor, normally submerged in water, to become exposed to air. The highly radio active fuel rods that make up the core began to melt, releasing radioactive gasses. Although the officials say that it is unlikely, the danger remains that a bubble of radioactive hydrogen within the containment vessel might explode, which would cause a greater release of radiation.
U.S. And Soviets agree on SALT II treaty to set missile limits. Washington June 18, 1979.
Right after signing SALT II, a new agreement with Soviet leader Leonid I. Brezhnev in Vienna to limit strategic arms, President Carter returned home to address a joint session of congress today and to deliver a strong plea for treaty approval.
Prospects for Senate ratification are uncertain. Carter points out that with this treaty the Russians will have a third fewer missile launchers and bombers by 1985 than they would have had had they kept on building at their present rate. He stresses that the treaty allows the United States to keep developing its MX missile.
Iranian militants seize U.S. Embassy. Tehran Nov 20, 1979
A mob of 500 Iranian students seized the U.S. Embassy here on Nov. 4, taking 90 hostages. The takeover has turned into a diplomatic nightmare and the situation continues to deteriorate as President Carter begins to hit back. Carter’s latest actions have been to freeze all of the considerable Iranian assets in the United States and to send a naval task force to the Indian Ocean, where carrier based jets and helicopters would be within easy striking distance of Iran. The deposed Shah is hospitalised in the United States.
U.S. 226 million: Latins, Asians, Bosnians, Acadians and Manx. Washington 1980
There are 226,504, 825 people in the United States, according to the latest census. A majority of Americans come from somewhere else, and more keep coming. While Los Angeles is acknowledged as a melting-pot - it has become the first city in the nation where the bulk of the population is made up of Latin Americans and Asians - the rest of the country is also an exotic mixture with some 70,00 0 Albanians, 820,000 Acadians, 80,000 plus Amish, up to 100,000 Basques, 600,000 Carpatho-Rusyns, and many, many more.
Larry Holmes foils comeback bid by Ali. Nevada Oct. 2, 1980
Its all over for Muhammed Ali. The former heavyweight champion, in his effort to win the title for a fourth time, ended his career at the age of 38 tonight, sitting weary and beaten on a stool, unable to come out for the eleventh round of what was to have been a 15-round fight. He was no match for his former sparring partner Larry Holmes, the 30 year-old undefeated champion. It was Ali’s manager, Herbert Muhammed, who put an end to the one-sided contest in which the former Cassius Clay could land no more than 10 blows in 10 rounds.
Reagan in a landslide. Washington Nov. 4, 1980
Ronald Wilson Reagan a former movie star and television personality was elected president today, toppling Jimmy Carter, the Democratic incumbent. At age 69, the one-time California governor is the oldest man ever elected to the nation’s highest office.
Returns showed a surprisingly strong Reagan victory, sweeping the East, Middle West and even what had been President Carter’s stronghold in the South just four years earlier. Reagan received 489 electoral votes, almost twice the 270 needed to win, while Carter took just 49. George H. W. Bush was elected Vice President.
All-white jury clears Klansmen of murder. Greensboro, Nov. 17, 1980
Six supporters of the Ku Klux Klan were acquitted today of murder charges by an all white jury in the 1979 killings of five anti-Klan demonstrators in Greensboro. After a week o deliberations, some jurors said they believed the defendants acted in self-defence. The charges stemmed from a November 3, 1979 “Death to the Klan” march by the Communist Workers Party in this textile city. Four marchers were killed when two carloads of white men opened fire on them and a fifth died later of his wounds from the shooting. Five other men are also facing murder charges, but have not been tried. Singe Waller, the widow of one of the slain said “I was so outraged I could hardly talk.”
Hostages freed as Reagan takes over. Washington Jan. 21, 1981
A few minutes after Ronald Reagan was sworn in yesterday as 40th President of the U.S., the 52 American hostages in Iran were boarding a plane in Tehran, bound for West Germany and freedom after 444 days in captivity. Former President Carter had hoped the Iranian affair would end on his watch, but it was not to be. The hostages could have been freed earlier but for a last minute snag.
Reagan survives attack. Washington Mar. 30, 1981
President Reagan was shot and gravely wounded today as he was leaving the Washington Hilton hotel after addressing a labour convention. Also wounded were his Press Secretary, James Brady and two security officers.
Just minutes after the shooting, officers arrested John W. Hinckley Jr., a resident of Colorado, and charged him with having attempted to assassinate the President
Immune deficiency disease identified. Washington 1981.
A disease that has caused a number of deaths within the nation’s homosexual community and among Haitian immigrants to the United States has been identified by doctors in America and in France. The ailment has been given the name AIDS, fo Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome. It is spread by the exchange of body fluids through sexual contact and use of contaminated syringes.
I.B.M. Personal computer promises to revolutionise the office. New York, August 1981.
International Business Machines has introduced its long-awaited version of the personal computer, a move experts say will give a new impetus to the revolution in office automation. A first evaluation is that I.B.M.‘S P.C. Is no great advance over presently available personal computers, but that its arrival is significant in several major ways. Personal computers which make for office decentralisation, could cut mainframe sales. But the P.C. Success of firms such as Apple could not be ignored. One advantage of the I.B.M. Computer is that it offers more memory than most others. Other key factors include its choice of an operating system, the set of basic instructions that runs a computer. I.B.M.‘S choice promises to become the standard in an un-standardised field. Small companies reportedly already are busy copying the P.C. of I.B.M.
Hope for E.R.A. Expires. Ashington June 30, 1982
Millions of women feel that “We the people” is an empty phrase because the Equal Rights Amendment failed to become a reality today. The amendment, which would have been the Constitution’s 27th, fell three states short of ratification. Humourist Erma Bombeck once said of the proposed law, that its words have never been so misunderstood since the four words “one size fits all.” For Representative Martha Griffiths, who sponsored it, and the National Organisation of Women, that fought for it, the amendment would have prevented The denying or abridging of rights on account of sex; equal work would have received equal pay. equal pay etc.
Knoxville plays host to World’s Fair. Tennessee May 1, 1982.
The 1982 World’s air opened its gates today, beginning a scheduled 184-day run in which millions of visitors will see a complex of exhibitions geared to the energy crisis of the 1970‘s. Opening ceremonies were attended by President and Mrs. Reagan, scores of dignitaries and thousands of tourists. Nearly two million advance one and two-day tickets have already been sold to the Southeast’s first world Fair ever. Although a few exhibitions were not entirely ready, by today’s deadline, all but one of them were open. Some critics say the fair’s theme, “Energy Turns the World,” is already outdated.
Marines join multi-national force in Beirut Sept. 19, 1982
Marines of the 32nd Amphibious Unit landed in Beirut on August 25, taking up positions in the port area recently abandoned by the French. President Reagan announced on August 20, that he was ordering 800 marines to Beirut as part of a multi-national group supervising the withdrawal of Palestinian and Syrian fighters form the beleaguered city. The deployment of marines is part of a plan negotiated by American envoy Philip Habib and accepted by the Lebanese., the Palestinians and the Israelis.
Barney Clark is first to get artificial heart. Salt Lake City, Dec.22 1982
His own defective heart replaced by a plastic and metal artificial one on December 2, retired dentist Barney Clark has recovered enough to take his first steps since the operation was performed. The 61-year-old patient was close to death from heart failure before the operation. The mechanical heart, named the Jarvik -7 after its inventor, Robert Jarvik, was placed in Clark’s chest by a surgical team headed by Dr. William C. DeVries a the University of Utah Medical Centre. The device has been implanted successfully in animals but this is the first human application.
First black elected Mayor of Chicago. Apr. 13, 1983
The first black man to be elected mayor of Chicago, Harold Washington won by a narrow margin in one of the fiercest races the city has known. Some 82% of Chicago’s 1.6 million registered voters went to the polls, a record turnout for the city. Washington received 51% of the vote, and white opponent Bernard Epton, got 48%. Though most blacks voted for Washington, and most whites voted Epton, as expected there were more whites voting Washington than there were blacks voting Epton. Washington said “We have kept the faith.”
Reagan aims high with space shield idea. Washington Mar. 23 1983
President Reagan has proposed construction of an anti-ballistic missile (ABM) system that would render nuclear missiles “impotent and obsolete” and that would hold out “the promise of changing the course of human history.” Some critics have argued that the President’s proposals would be in violation of the 1972 ABM treaty with the Soviet Union.
Bombs rip Marine compound in Beirut. Oct. 23, 1983
Shortly after dawn today, a TNT laden truck was driven into the United States Marines headquarters and detonated. The resulting explosion killed more than 200 sleeping marines and completely destroyed the building. Two minutes later a second truck blew up a French paratrooper barracks about 2 miles away, killing 47 French soldiers and wounding 15.
Sailing cup leaves America for first time. Rhode Island, Sept. 26, 1983.
For the first time in its 132 year history, the America’s Cup will be leaving the United States. The symbol of yachting supremacy the world over was won today by an Australian boat that came from behind in all four races of the series. “It was pretty frustrating,” said H.C. Herreshoff, who was navigator of the losing boat Liberty. “Everyone worked very hard and yet we were losing,” he said of the critical fifth leg, when the Australia II again overtook Liberty. “We were all doing everything we could to hold them off.” Herreshoff added “It hurts pretty bad, It will hurt for a long time.”
Democrats pick woman for ice-President San Francisco July 20, 1984
Representative Geraldine Ferraro of New York becme the first woman in American history to be chosen as a nominee for ice President on a major party ticket. The 48 year-old legislator was hand-picked as his running mate by Walter F. Mondale, the Democratic nominee for President. Some strategists view her selection as an effort by the presidential nominee to fire up the parties seemingly hopeless effort to topple President Reagan, the Republican incumbent, by attracting women voters. Others feel it is a gamble.
L.A. Olympics open with celebration and close with US Gold. L.A. July 1984.
In an appropriate Hollywood setting, not far from the hart of Tinseltown, the 1984 Olympic Games got off to a glitzy start, staged a star-spangled finish and crammed lots of excitement in between. When the Olympic flame flickered and died, the United States was in possession of 83 gold medals, 81 silver and 30 bronze. It would not have been that easy had the Soviet team not stayed home in retaliation for the boycott of its 1980 Games by 50 nations. This year West Germany was second in medal production with 59.
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