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1925 - 1931
“The business of America is Business” Washington Jan 17, 1925.
President Coolidge is a man for the times. “The business of America” he said today in a speech “is business And is anyone likely to disagree? Since the 1921 recession, American industry has been humming along with the precision of a Swiss watch. Just ask Henry Ford, whose assembly lines turn out an automobile every 10 seconds. ”Machinery“ Ford has declared ”is the modern Messiah“.  But many people seem to be praying to the wizard of Detroit himself. Industrial scholars around the world are studying that special brand of scientific management that they call ”Fordisthimus.“
Two years ago sociologists determined that half of the working class of ”Middletown“ America owned cars. Those who are still reluctant to purchase, even on credit, are subjected to an ever-growing swarm of salesmen.
Thrill killers Leopold, Loeb serve “life”. Illinois, Jan 1, 1925.
Richard Loeb and Nathan Leopold spent the first of all their remaining “New Years” behind the bars of Joilet prison where they were sentenced to life terms last September for the “thrill” killing of 14 year-old Bobby Franks. In a crime that shocked the world the two wealthy University of Chicago students said they  murdered Franks for the “sport” of it. They were defended by master lawyer Clarence Darrow. C
By citing the theories of Sigmund Freud, a legal “first” he saved their lives
Chrysler Founded June 6 1925
With its production of a 6-cylinder $1500 car, the new Chrysler Company has a job on its hands. Of 1500 would-be auto makers since 1905 only 15 survive.
Klan marches in capital. Washington Aug. 8, 1925.
In white robes and conical caps, more than 40,000 members of the Ku Klux Klan marched through the streets of the capital today, many waving American flags. Over 200,000 spectators watched the gigantic parade, which ended at the foot of the Washington monument. The klansmen evidently felt safety in numbers, since they did not wear the masks that they traditionally use to conceal their identities. Their costumes, however, may have provided them with some protection from the elements; it was dark and raining by the time all the marchers made it to the monument.  The rain forced the white supremacist mob to cancel the massive ceremony it had planned, and refrain from burning an 80 foot cross. The Klan, founded in Tennessee in 1865, has carried on a reign of terror against Negroes.
Mae West busted for moving naval New York Apr. 26 1926.
Tantalising, scintillating, sinful seductress. Ooo La La Lady of the Stage. Actress-playwright Mae West has been put under arrest. Her play, Sex, had the audiences squirming in their seats and the Society for the Suppression of Vice hot on her trail. The societies pressure got the police to close down the popular show and bust West for “corrupting the morals of youth”. The play stars the author as a prostitute, swinging her hips and licking her lips
“You are all a lost generation?. United States 1926.
Vanity Fair calls them ”flaming youth“ and Ernest Hemmingway writes of a ”lost generation.“ But are today’s young Americans truly very different from those who have gone before?  Yes - and no. No previous generation saw the kind of destruction this one saw in the Great War, an experience that can crush all innocence. No previous generation has seen a machine age that renders minds as ”standardised as the clothes men wear,“ as Sherwood Anderson writes. What generation has seen so many of its parents brazenly break the law as they flout the Prohibition Amendment? And what generation has had such privileges, from automobiles to pocketing so much spending money.
Valentino is dead; long live the Sheik. Hollywood Sept. 1926.
He died on august 23rd at the age of 31, the darkly handsome Rudolph Valentino, who brought a sense of mysterious eroticism and fulfilment of dreams to the screen in movies such as  Blood and Sand, The Eagle and The Son of the Sheikh. His sudden death, due to a perforated ulcer, caused mass hysteria.
Byrd and Bennett fly over the North Pole. Spitzbergen May 9, 1926.
Byrd and Bennett have reached the North Pole
The daring explorer Richard E. Byrd and his pilot Floyd Bennett, returned here to an emotional reception today. Threatened by frozen fingers and engine oil leaks only 60 miles from their objective, the privately financed expedition circled the pole several times in brilliant sunlight on a 15 hour 51 minute flight.
Television introduced to the American public. New York April 7, 1927
The first public demonstration in America of the new invention television has shown its potential not only as an entertainment medium, but as a political tool. The first image to appear in this demonstration was that of Secretary of Commerce, Herbert Hoover. The demonstration was set up by American Telephone and Telegraph’s president Walter Gifford, to develop interest in the remarkable invention.
A crude system was built in 1923 by the Russian-American Vladmir Zworykin, based on the experiments of Britisher Campbell Swinton. The system as improved by Scottish inventor John Logie Baird, who, last year produced clear images on his tube. Baird predicts that television will become a household appliance.
Lucky Lindy hops oveer the Atlantic. Paris May 21, 1927.
All Paris seemed fixed upon the sky tonight, as vast throngs at Le Bourget airfield strained to hear the faint hum that would signal triumph for Charles A Lindbergh. Then just as hope was fading, the aviators sleek, silver-grey monoplane, which had flown 3,600 miles from New York in 33½ hours descended quietly, almost magically onto a distant runway at 10.24 p.m. Setting off a hysterical rush by the cheering French. “Well, I made it” said the quiet Mid-westerner as he was mobbed and carried off by the ecstatic crowd. The lanky flyer will win a hotly contested $25,000 prize for the non-stop flight but seems surprised by the world-wide adulation his fleet is generating.
Tunney retains title after long count.
Chicago Sept. 22, 1927.
Jack Dempsey was hardly the fighting machine he was when he first fought Gene Tunney a year ago and yet - despite easy living - he almost dethroned the former marine as heavyweight champion. But he made a fundamental mistake - he ignored the rule that he should go to a neutral corner after a knock down. After the “long count” Tunney recovered sufficiently to take the round and the fight on points.
Ain’t heard nothin yet! Hollywood, Calafornia. 1927.
The success of the second Vitaphone film, The Jazz Singer, enhanced by Al Jolson’s songs and a few lines of improvised dialogue, is amazing. “Wait, you ain’t heard nothin yet,” are Jolson’s first quite audible words, and the response has been so great that Warner Bros. Has announced there will be more “talkies.” Other studios see this as a disruptive and unnecessary change and hope the fad will pass.
Meanwhile major film makers have founded the academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences to “improve the artistic quality of the film medium. Cecil b. De Mille a preacher’s son, follows up on his formula of violence, sex and religion with another biblical epic, King of Kings
Coolidge optimism excites Wall Street. Washington 1928
Enthusiasm kindled by President Coolidge inspired a huge volume on the booming New York Stock Exchange today. Trading was so heavy that abbreviated quotes were used, and the ticker was running 16 minutes behind transactions when the closing bell sounded. The President thinks that the surging loans represent a natural expansion of business in the securities market, and he sees nothing unfavourable about it. But The Nation reports that Wall Street is overflowing with “inexperienced suckers”
Pioneering cartoon with mouse as star. N. York. Nov. 8 1928
Steamboat Willie opened at the Colony theatre today and it did for the world of cartoons what The Jazz Singer has done for talkies. Willie is the first cartoon that features sound. The star of this short by Walt Disney, designed to showcase the new technology, stars a mouse named Mickey, who turns the cargo of a river boat - including the livestock aboard it - into an orchestra! Meanwhile a replica of Otto Messmer’s cartoon cat Felix, is being used to monitor and to fine tune the brand new medium called television.
Hoover wins, offering a chicken in every pot. Washington Nov. 6, 1928
Herbert Hoover swept into the White House today, defeating New York Governor Al Smith in a landslide. Hoover was elected with promises of prosperity, saying there will be a “chicken in every pot and a car in every garage” and that America is close to “triumph over poverty.” A sardonic Calvin Coolidge offered Hoover this presidential advice; “you have to stand every day hours of visitors. Nine tenths of them want something they ought not to have.
Mae West is “Diamond Lil” on Broadway. New York Apr.9, 1928.
“When women go wrong, men go right after them.” That is one of the gems that playwright-actress Mae West has given herself in Diamond Lil As Lil, West unknowingly helps a Salvation Army Captain knock out a white slavery ring involving a former lover. Her acting sparkles, but the writing is all rhinestone. The queen of the double entendre was last sen two years ago in Sex which got her eight days in jail on a censorship charge. As she swaggered through “Lil’s” opening night crowd, an admirer purred Your hands, your lips, your hair...” She responded “Whataya doin’ honey, makin’ love or taking an inventory”.
Bloody Valentine’s Day Chicago Feb 14, 1929.
The floor of a Windy City beer warehouse was stained with blood today as seven members of George “Bugs” Moran’s gang were gunned down in a surprise attack. Police believe Moran’s rival “Scarface” Al Capone may be responsible for what is being called the St. Valentines Day Massacre.“  The killers wielding machine guns, were dressed in police uniforms. This outraged police Commissioner, William  Russell who declared  war on such crime. Capone has become the king of bootlegging and gambling. His annual income has skyrocketed to about $60 million since he moved here from New York in 1920.
“Joe sent me” : Speakeasies flourish under eye of Prohibition. United States 1929.
All it takes is the flash of a certain business card, a particular sequence of knocks on a door or a whispered phrase. Nothing could be easier than slipping into a speak-easy. The estimates range from 32,000 to 100,000 illegal drinking joints in New York. A Chicago official estimated this year that there was just 10,000 in that city. To fit in the hordes that say they use them, those 10,000 would each have to be the size of a football field. Even town in the Midwest, traditionally the driest of the dry spots, have “beer flats” “blind pigs” and “shock houses”.
The clientele at the speakeasy is as varied as the drinks on sale, bricklayer and lawyers alike bellying up to the bar for potato-brewed whiskey and 60-day- old wine.
Since last year the police have increased their raids. Sometimes they are “jake foot” poorly or perfectly disguised in anything from a false moustache to a football uniform. They might make countless arrests but the speakeasies just keep popping up.
Black Tuesday! Wall St. In chaos as stocks crash. New York Oct. 29, 1929.
The stock market has collapsed in a “Black Tuesday” of violent trading that was the most disastrous in Wall Street history. It was the worst by three key measurements , total losses, total turnover, and the number of speculators ruined. Frantic efforts to stabilise the market were met by “must sell orders to liquidate at any price, accelerated by insistent brokers calls for more cash to back the record loans behind the falling stocks. The selling storm was the most catastrophic of three that began last Thursday, ”Black Thursday“ and erupted again on Monday. The only relief today was a smart upturn at the close, believed by some to mean that the end is not far away.
American novelists prove their worth. New York
The book are just about closed on the 1920‘s, but the decade hardly closed down on books, despite the effort of the Clean Books League. This year three novels stand out, each the work of a young writer. The trio’s best known member is Ernest Hemmingway, 30, the master of the blue pencil. He has stripped every ounce of fat from his prose in A Farewell to Arms, set during the Great War. The tale about love and combat, is told by an American youth posted on the Italian front where he falls for a British nurse.
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Schmelling gets title on Sharkey’s foul. New york, June 12, 1930.
For the first time in history, a world heavyweight championship has been decided on a foul. Max Schmelling the German Giant, was awarded the title today because of a low blow by Jack Sharkey that left him writhing on the canvas. It happened with five seconds left in the fourth round.  Schmelling was still on the floor when the bell rang for the fifth  and the German was declared the winner of the title vacated by Gene Tunney. Sharkey had been ahead from the start.
$116 million allocated to ease job crisis. Washington Dec 21, 1930.
President Hoover today won approval of the emergency job program he wanted from Congress, and the lawmakers have adjourned for the holiday, after a session that lasted till five minutes past midnight. The measure appropriates £116 million to put the unemployed back to work on emergency construction projects. Major opponents were not so much against the idea of creating jobs in the wake of the crash as they were convinced that the President’s emphasis on national voluntary community efforts is not enough. It was argued that 4.5 million unemployed and the distress across the land is far worse than the President realises.
Grand Slam enough for Bobby Jones
1930 There are no more worlds for Bobby Jones to conquer. So with the Grand slam of golf neatly tucked away among his laurels, Jones retired today from competition. He has run out of golfers to beat. At the age of 28, he has won in a single year both the United States Open and Amateur and the British Open and Amateur. Jones was specially pleased to capture the British Amateur, a new title for him.
World’s Tallest Building N.Y. May 1, 1931.
A ceremony hat included President Hoover and former New York Governor Alfred E, Smith today formally opened the Empire State Building, the tallest building in the world. Towering 1,245 feet over Manhattan, the Empire State has 86 floors of space, including ground floor shops and a restaurant, and above all a mooring mast for passenger dirigibles
4 to 5 million jobless; social danger seen. Washington Jan.7, 1931.
The number of unemployed in the United States now stands between 4 and 5 million, representing a “social danger,” according to the chairman of the President’s Emergency Committee for Employment. Asked what Congress could do to relieve the situation, Colonel Woods, suggested that senators cut the red tape that hinders conversion of appropriations into jobs.
Meanwhile, census authorities are moving apple-sellers from their lists of jobless to the category of “employed” because they say, many are making a “good living” at it.
Facing the run on banks. Washington Oct. 7, 1931.
President Hoover acted at 20 minutes past midnight to end the run on banks, 800 of which have failed. After a secret meeting with congressmen, Hoover announced a plan to mobilise banking resources against hoarding and failure. It calls for more money to strengthen the farm loan system, a privately financed $500 million revolving pool to help ailing banks and a federal agency offering loans to industry. Flying from Texas to attend the meeting, Rep. John Nance Garner found that his wife had folded a scriptural quotation within his invitation “The spirit of the lord watches over you and keeps you in perfect safety”.
Capone finally imprisoned, as tax dodger. Chicago oct 17, 1931.
America’s most notorious and elusive gangster “Scarface” Al Capone, was sentenced today to an 11-year prison term for tax evasion. Authorities have been trying for years to corral the legendary bootlegger, racketeer and killer, (reportedly behind the St. Valentines Day Massacre). But Capone always dodged prosecution. This time they’ve nailed him, and hard. Capone grew up in Brooklyn, where he dropped out of school and joined various gangs. Once, as a night-club bouncer, he was knifed in the cheek, gaining his fabled nick-name. Moving to Chicago in 1920, he quickly rose to the peak of criminal power. With today’s conviction, he has finally lost his grip on the Chicago underworld.
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