Lindy’s baby found dead. Princeton, N.J. May 12, 1932.
The search for the kidnapped son of Charles A. Lindbergh ended today in the worst way imaginable. The decomposed body of Charles Lindbergh nr. Was found in woods less than five miles form the family home. A truck driver discovered the naked form of the 20-month-old child in a shallow grave. It was taken to the county morgue in Trenton, where the child’s nursemaid, Mrs Betty Gow, identified the infant as the boy once called the “fat lamb.” Mrs. Lindbergh expecting another baby soon, will not be asked to confirm the grim findings; that burden will fall on her husband, who is expected in town tomorrow, having followed-up one of the many dead-end leads.
America’s “descent from Respectability” 1932.
Statistics tell an ugly story these days. The jobless rate in some cities is over 50 %; two million people wander the country as vagrants, even Babe Ruth has taken a £10,000 salary cut. But numbers cannot tell the whole story. The enigma of suffering has sent people grasping for the less tangible dimension of our fate. John Dewey write of “the breakdown of the particular romance known as business, the revelation that the elated excitement of the romantic adventure has to be paid for with an equal depression.”
Retrial for the Scottsboro 9. Washington Nov. 7, 1932.
The Supreme Court has ordered a retrial for the nine Scottsboro Boys, who were accused of raping two white girls on March 25 of last year and convicted of the crime on April 9. Eight of the Negro youths were sentenced to death; the ninth was given life imprisonment. The high court granted the new trial because it said there had been improper representation by counsel. The defence of the Negroes has been taken over by International Labor Defence who hired Samuel Liebowitz a nationally prominent lawyer and has raised over £1 million to help the youths.
Roosevelt elected, pledging new deal. Washington Nov. 8, 1932.
When Franklin D. Roosevelt declared at the Democratic Convention that he “pledged a new deal for the American people,” they believed him - and took their beliefs to the polls. In an election that many experts consider the most crucial since Lincoln’s victory more than 70 years ago, Roosevelt has been swept into the White House with an overwhelming plurality. The latest vote tally give him almost 23 million to President Hoover’s 15 million.
Just who is this 50 year-old man who so soundly defeated an incumbent President who was himself so overwhelmingly elected just four years ago? Roosevelt is descended from an old New York family of Dutch origin. A Harvard graduate and a lawyer, he is the fifth cousin of former Republican President Theodore Roosevelt. He served in the Wilson administration as assistant secretary of the Navy and in 1920 he was his party nominee for vice-president.
“The only thing to fear is fear itself” Washington Mar. 4, 1933
As Franklin Delano Roosevelt took the presidential oath of office today, the weather matched the sombre national mood: cold, rainy and grey. When Chief Justice, Charles Evan Hughes began administering the oath, Roosevelt surprised the tens of thousands at the inauguration - and the millions of radio listeners at home - by carefully repeating each phrase, rather than the traditional “I do.” After he was sworn in, Roosevelt turned to the crowd, not with his usual jaunty cheerfulness but with an aura of gravity that somehow still radiated confidence and made the famous speech containing the above phrase.
“Century of Progress” exposition in Chicago May 27,1933
In 1834, a visitor to the town of Chicago called it “one chaos of mud, rubbish and confusion.” Little wonder that Chicagoans dub their World’s Fair of technical advancements a Century of Progress. The exposition, situated on two man-made parks off the shore of Lake Michigan, Burnham and Northerly Island, extends of 341 acres. The government did not provide a penny; it is entirely a realisation of the dreams of Chicago’s businessmen. And what dreams!
What hs the greatest exposure at this exposition? Sally Rand, a young woman who dances with fans and seemingly very little else.
“King Kong” Hollywood 1933.
Actress Fay Wray was promised the tallest, darkest leading man in Hollywood by RKO. “I thought of Gable,” she said. When the script came, “I was appalled and thought it was a practical joke.” Her co-star was a prehistoric gorilla, 50 times as strong as a man, known to movie audiences as King Kong of the picture of the same name.
Prohibition law goes down the drain. New York, Dec. 5, 1933.
The “Noble Experiment” ended today, nearly 4 years after it began, when Utah became the 35th state to ratify the 21st Amendment repealing Prohibition. Given that both candidates in last years presidential election - Herbert Hoover and F.D. Roosevelt - favoured repeal, its demise was a foregone conclusion for reasons long apparent.
When the Prince of Wales was asked during his 1925 visit to New York what he thought of Prohibition he put his finger on the problem with the quip “Great! When does it begin?” Not only did it not work but it also bred results contrary to its lofty aims. Saloons disappeared but speakeasies quickly replaced them.
Bonnie & Clyde killed. Louisiana May 23, 1934.
The Bonnie Parker - Clyde Barrow trail of terror and death ended abruptly today as lawmen gunned them down near this northern Louisiana town. Six officers armed with sub-machine guns riddled the couples bodies as they sat in a car on a lonely dirt road. Bonnie and Clyde, both in their twenties, have been accused of murdering 12 people as they roamed the Mississippi Valley, robbing banks anf gas stations and fleeing the law. Six of the dead were law officers. Frank Hammer a former Texas Ranger hired to track them down, was with the group that shot them. Bonnie, a small woman with dyed red hair, was a Dallas waitress when she met Clyde Barrow an ex-convict. They teamed up with Clyde’s brother, Buck, and his wife Blanche, and began their odyssey of crime.
G-men rub-out Dillinger Chicago July 22, 1934.
J. Edgar Hoover’s G-men shot and killed John Dillinger, the nation’s public enemy No1, outside a Chicago movie house today. There were 20 armed agents of the F.B.I. Waiting for the notorious bank robber as he left the theatre at about 6 pm. Fatally wounded, the gangster fell to the ground without having drawn his pistol. Dillinger’s father said “they shot him down in cold blood”
Baby Face and Pretty Boy bite the dust. Illinois Nov. 28, 1934.
George “Baby Face” Nelson the trigger-happy bank robber, was killed in a gun battle with F.B.I. Agents near Barrington yesterday. Nelson killed two F.B.I. Agents before he was mortally wounded. His wife Helen dumped her husband’s naked body on a road and escaped in a car. Just last month G-men killed Nelson’s partner Charles Arthur “Pretty Boy” Floyd near East Liverpool, Ohio. Nelson and Floyd robbed bank with John Dillinger before Dillinger was shot down in July. Floyd became Public Enemy No.1 after the death of Dillinger and got his nickname from a bordello madam.
Radio priest attracts a flock of five million. Michigan 1934.
Father Charles E. Coughlin has gained five million members for his National Union for Social Justice in the two months since it started. The radio priest has found a welcoming ear among many discouraged or destroyed by the Depression. He rails against big business. For Father Coughlin the enemies are “godless capitalists, the Jews, the Communists, international bankers and plutocrats.” The platform of his National Union demands the nationalisation of public services, creation of a government-owned central bank and unionisation of all workers.
W.P.A. Formed, biggest work program yet. Washington May 6, 1935.
At a cost of $5 billion, the most extensive public works program yet has arisen from the alphabet soup of the New Deal. The Works Progress Administration, set up today under the Emergency Relief Appropriations Act, will employ 1/3 of the nation’s 11 million jobless, according to director Harry Hopkins. President Roosevelt told Congress in January, “that the vitality of our people will be further sapped by the giving of cash, of market baskets, of a few hours weekly work cutting grass, raking leaves, or picking up papers in public parks”
Dust storms strike again. Iowa, Autumn 1935.
At least half of this states farmers are said to have lost their land to the twin forces of depression and drought. With the increasing severity of the dust storms that are skimming off the precious top soil, agriculture experts say te situation is becoming even worse. The dust storms began in earnest two years ago in Texas and Oklahoma, and have gradually covered the Midwest. The biggest single windstorm swept through the so-called “Dust Bowl” this May. Tremendous clouds of dust obscured the sun as far east as the Appalachian Mountains. As one observer remarked “the country seems to brood as though death were touching it”
Dutch Schultz bumped off in New Jersey. Oct 23, 1935.
Schultz, who ran many of the underworld’s bootleg whiskey operations during Prohibition was shot down with three of his henchmen in a restaurant here today. Police said it was a gangland killing. Schultz was shot down in the rest room of the Palace Chophouse. Some police say he was shot down on the orders of of boss Charles “lucky” Luciano because he was planning to murder New York City District Attorney Thomas E. Dewey.
Huey Long Assassinated. Baton Rouge, Louisiana Sept. 10 1935
Senator Huey P. Long died today, two days after being shot by an assassin as he walked through the halls of the state capitol. The Senator and former Governor, who has been called the first American dictator by his enemies was walking towards the Governor’s office when he was hit. His assailant was Dr. Carl Weiss.
Sarazen drives on in the world of golf. Augusta, Georgia 1936.
Gene Sarazen is the country’s premier golfer. In 1935, he won the Masters and became the only player beside Bobby Jones to score victories in three major tournaments. The others were the United States and British Opens, in 1932. Sarazen also on the P.G.A. Three times, in 1922,1923 and 1933. In the final round at the Masters, crowds were awed by his double eagle on the 15th hole. He tied Craig Wood at 282 and won the 36 hole play-off the next day by five strokes. Sarazen began his career as a caddie and was only 20 years old when he won the P.G.A.
Killer electrocuted in Lindbergh case. New Jersey, Apr.3, 1936.
At 8.44 tonight Bruno Hauptmann was strapped into the state prison’s electric chair. Three and a half minutes later he was dead. The illegal immigrant from Germany had been tried and convicted for the kidnapping and murder of Charles Lindbergh’s infant son on March 1, 1932. No one was found who was a witness to the crime; he was convicted on circumstantial evidence, including the discovery of Lindbergh's ransom money at his home.
Americans watch the rising tide of fascism. Washington Aug. 7, 1936.
Today’s announcement that the United States will follow a policy of strict neutrality in the civil war that broke out in Spain on July 17 is dramatic proof of how powerful a hold isolationism has on both the nation’s policy makers and its people. The war in Spain is not one between two sovereign states; rather, it is a civil war in which a democratically elected government is being challenged by a right-wing uprising led by Generalissimo Franco whose anti-governement forces are sure of getting troops, planes and supplies from Nazi Germany.
FDR wins landslide New York, Nov. 4, 1936
Overnight returns show Franklin Delano Roosevelt has won the biggest victory in election history, taking 523 electoral votes . Only Maine and Vermont went for Governor Alfred M Landon and Frank Knox. All this in the face of a Literary Digest poll that had predicted a L
Landon win. The formerly reliable Digest today announced its plans to change its poling method, declaring“ We may not have reached a representative cross-section of the population.” The second-term victory by Roosevelt and John N. Garner may also increase Democratic majorities in Congress. In Topeka, Governor Landon said he was going to bed without conceding, but he congratulated President Roosevelt at 1.30 a.m. “The nation has spoken,” he said
Earlier, the Roosevelt family appeared on the porch of their Hyde Park estate, as a victory parade marched up, carrying torches and calcium flares and singing Happy Days are Here Again. Laughing, the President refused radio microphones saying “This is just a home party.” Then he happily urged photographers to hurry because, “I’ve got to get back and get the returns from California.
Virgin Islands March 26. William H. Hastie is first Negro federal judge in nation.
Washington March 29. Supreme court in West Coast Hotel v Parrish, upholds Washington state law, requiring minimum wage for women.
New York May 3. Pulitzer Prize in fiction awarded to Margaret Mitchell for Gone With the Wind.
New York May 12. British King George VI’s coronation is first trans-oceanic radio broadcast.
Newport, Rhode Island Aug 5. Yacht Ranger successfully defends
Washington Sept. 1. Congress passes National housing Act, creating United States Housing Authority
New York Oct. 10. Yanks defeat Giants in World Series, four games to one.
Chicago Dec 9. Washington Redskins defeat Chicago Bears in National Football League Championship 28 - 21
New York December. First NCB concert with Arturo Toscanini conducting.
Jersey City, New Jersey, Mayor Frank Hague proclaims “I am the law.”
Hindenburg explodes; flames kill 36. Lakehurst, New Jersey May 6
“Oh the humanity” cried radio broadcaster Herbert Morrison as he saw the dirigible Hindenburg erupt in flames that consumed it and killed 36 people. Morrison’s anguished description of the disaster was heard across the country, on the nation’s first coast-to-coast broadcast
At 7.25 p.m. When the motors had been switched off, there were two explosions just in front of the Nazi swastikas on the Hindenburg’s tail. The ship was destroyed in less than a minute, as 35 of the 97 people aboard and one worker in the ground crew were killed. Heroic efforts by the ground crew members saved many lives.
Joe Louis takes heavyweight crown. Chicago June 22 1937.
Jim Braddock knocked Joe Louis to the canvas in the first round, and that may have been a mistake. In a cold fury, Louis battered the out-of-shape new Yorker for the next seven rounds before finishing him off a minute into the eighth. Louis thus became the first Negro to win the World Heavyweight Championship in 22 years. Braddock, eight years older than the 23 year-old challenger, was so badly beaten that the final head-jarring right left a blood-stain on the canvas. Like other Negro boxers, Louis had trouble getting a title-shot despite his record of 34 victories in 35 professional fights. His only defeat had been a 12th round knockout by the German Max Schmelling.
Minimum wage law set. Washington June 25
America’s work force got a hefty boost today when President Roosevelt signed into law the Fair Labor Standards Act, which sets a minimum wage and a mandatory ceiling on number of work hours per week. The President, in signing the new law, at his home in Hyde park, New York, predicted it would result in raising the national income to $60 billion a year, adding “A few drops of rain have been coming from the heavens and probably will be followed by a much needed shower.”
Radio Martian landing terrifies Americans Oct. 30 1938.
People were crying and praying, fleeing with bundled belongings to escape death from invading Martians intent on destroying the earth. Church services were interrupted by hysterics, traffic was jammed, communications systems clogged. All due to a one hour CBS broadcast tonight in which Orson Wells and his Mercury Theatre players let loose in Howard Koch’s version of H.G. Well’s novel War of the Worlds. Welles said he had intended to entertain his audience with an incredible story appropriate for Halloween. But of 6 million listeners more than a million were frightened by the too-realistic drama.
“Wrong-way” Corrigan lands in Ireland Dublin, July 18, 1938
It was all a mistake, Douglas Corrigan said with a smile as he explained how he set out to fly from New York to California and ended in up in Ireland. Corrigan, denied federal permission for a trans-Atlantic flight due to the rickety condition of his ancient Curtiss Robin J-6 monoplane, said he lost sight of the ground because of fog after taking off from New York and made a wrong turn over Long Island. He states he misread his compass and did not realise his error until he came out of the fog 24 hours later.
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