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1958 - 1964
Bums, Giants move. New York, 1958.
In Brooklyn, the Gowanus Canal was running high with the tears of the Faithful. In Manhattan, they were saying, “Say it ain’t so, say it ain’t so.” The Dodgers, those beloved Bums, were moving to Los Angeles and along with them the Giants were leaving the hallowed Polo Grounds and heading for San Francisco. It was all part of baseball’s growing pains and the lure of gold out West. In 1954, the St. Louis Browns became the Baltimore Orioles and in 1955 the Philadelphia Athletics moved to Kansas City.
Marines go to Lebanon Washington July 15, 1958
President Eisenhower sent 5,000 marines to violence-torn Lebanon today to help preserve that country’s government in the wake of internal revolts and a coup in neighbouring Iraq. The troops along with sea and air support, landed in Beirut and occupied its airport. The President said that the number of marines would be increased if necessary, but that they would be “withdrawn as rapidly as circumstances permit.”
Lebanon has been racked by an insurrection for two months, since violence broke out along the Syrian border. The crisis worsened yesterday after the Iraqi regime was ousted violently. Eisenhower says Syria and Egypt - which make up the United Arab Republic - are responsible for the trouble.
Nautilus under the ice. Iceland Aug. 8, 1958
In an achievement fraught with strategic implications the world’s first atomic submarine, the Nautilus, has pioneered a new route beneath the frozen wastes of the Arctic. The feat, disclosed by the White house today, took the ship 1,830 miles under the polar ice cap from Point Barrow, Alaska, to the Atlantic near Spitzbergen, Norway, in just four days. On an ominous note, the Nautilus has proven that the fleet of Polaris submarines scheduled to be deployed starting in 1960 could hide under the polar ice cap while armed with thermonuclear missiles. Experts say the Russians have no atomic submarines, but they  concede that, like most strategic advantages, in the nuclear age, it is temporary.
Dr. King is stabbed New York, September 1958.
The Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. Leader of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference, and a principal spokesman for the  cause of civil rights, was stabbed by a Negro woman while in Harlem to promote his new book, Stride to Freedom. The woman is thought to be deranged. Dr. King is a Baptist minister and an eloquent advocate of non-violent protest as a means of gaining equality for Negroes. He is expected to recover from his injuries.
New Cuban ruler pays a visit to the U.S. Washington Apr. 15 1959
Priemer Fidel Castro of Cuba arrived in the United States today for what he termed a “truth operation” to counter “propaganda” against the Cuban Revolutionary Government. The 32 year-old former guerrilla leader wearing his trademark green military fatigues, was greeted by 1,500 supporters, as well as State Department officials.
Hi visit grew from an invitation to address the American Society of Newspaper Editors, which has since been criticised for barring radio and television coverage of the event, scheduled for next Friday. The United States recognised the new regime in January, a week after Castro’s troops ousted dictator Fulgencio Batista
Three rock stars die in plane crash. Mason City, Iowa, Feb. 3 1959
Rock n’ Roll fans were shocked today by the deaths in a small-plane crash here of three top stars, Buddy Holly, Richie Valens and J.P. “Bopper” Richardson. The plane, which plunged to Earth after taking off in snowy conditions, was to fly the singers to a show in Fargo, North Dakota. Holly, 22, was beloved for such hits as ‘Peggy Sue’ Valens, 17, for ‘La Bamba’ and Richardson, 24, for ‘Chantilly Lace’. Tenage fans have ‘lost’ other heroes as well recently, Elvis Presley to the United States Army, top disc jockey Alan Freed, done in by a payola scandal, and Little Richard who has left Rock’n Roll in order “to make peace with Jesus.”
“Lady Chatterley” still too hot for U.S. Wash. 1959
Thirty-one years after it first appeared -in a private edition in Italy - D.H. Lawrence’s Lady Chatterley’s Lover  is still too hot for American postal workers to handle. Today, Postmaster General Arthur Summerfield called the novel, about a torrid liaison between a married woman and her virile gamekeeper, “obscene and filthy” and banned it from the mails
Ailing “Lady Day” finds peace. New york, July 17 1959
The melancholy song that was Billie Holiday’s life ended in a hospital here today. She was 44. Before her death, she was arrested in her bed on a drugs charge .The police confiscated her magazines, radio and Whiteman’s Chocolates . “Lady Day” lived an unbelievably tough life, fed by the kind of bitter-sweet pride that can be heard in her recording of Fine and Mellow.
Alaska, Hawaii are 49th and 50th states. Honolulu Hawaii Aug 21, 1959
Hawaii lost the race wit Alaska to become the 49th state, but today, with a proclamation signed by President Eisenhower, it became the 50th star on the American Flag. Hawaii has been ready for statehood for nearly a decade, having adopted a state constitution in 1950. The delay was marked by a long series of congressional hearings on the threat of communism in the islands. No proof of such a threat was established, but seven residents were convicted of conspiring to topple the government. The Supreme Court overturned their convictions.
Population nearing the 180 million. New York , 1960.
The national census report shows the population is now 179,323,175. This indicates that the annual average growth has been 18.5 since 1930. New York State, whose population increased by only 13.2% in the three decades, to 16,782,304, will lose two of its 43 seats in the House of Representatives because of a proportionate drop in relation to some states. California will gain 8 seats, for a total of 38. The census shows large population gains in Nevada, Florida, Alaska and Arizona.
Will new computers slash work force?
Washington 1960.
American industry is being seduced by the capabilities of computers. Last year, the first automated computerized control system was installed in a Texaco refinery, and for the first time banking is using MICR (Magnetic Ink Character Recognition).
Though 2000 computers are in use  people are needed to run them.
Soviets down U-2; Summit wrecked. Paris May 17, 1960
The big four summit meeting here never got off the ground after the Russians downed an American U-2 spy plane over Soviet territory and captured its pilot, Gary Powers, on May 1.
The talks stalled when President Eisenhower refused to meet a demand to “apologise for past acts of aggression” against the Soviet Union and to punish “those responsible” for the U-2 incident. He did agree to stop spy flights over the Soviet Union.
JFK wins presidency by a close shave. Nov.9 1960
In one of the closest elections in American history, Senator John F. Kennedy has won the Presidency by a plurality of less than 0.5% or less than 2 votes per precinct. The outcome remained uncertain for long hours  but his total now stands at 300, 31 more than required. .
The King of Hollywood is dead. California 1960.
“The King” is dead. On November 16, Clark Gable, 59 died after a heart attack. Not only women loved him; his hulking frame and outspoken manner made him a working man’s hero. His last role was in The Misfits With Marilyn Munroe and Montgomery Clift.
Bay of Pigs invasion ends in disaster. Washington Apr. 24, 1961
President Kennedy has accepted full responsibility for the failed Bay of Pigs invasion, even though the plan was hatched under the Eisenhower administration. As Kennedy noted “There is an old saying that victory has a hundred fathers and defeat is an orphan.” Proponents said the invasion had to take place swiftly, before Castro got enough Soviet arms to repulse any attack. Opponents said the time was not ripe.
President’s brother is Attorney General. Wash. Jan 21, 1961.
Just hours after his brother took the oath as the new Attorney General, President Kennedy was joking about it tonight. Speaking at the Alfalfa Club, a bigwigs dining club, the President said that he does not see anything wrong with giving his brother a little legal experience “before Robert goes out to practice law.” Robert Kennedy was sworn in with the rest of the new cabinet on this first day of his brother’s administration
American are in space. Florida, July 21, 1961.
“We are behind” said President Kennedy after Soviet cosmonaught Yuri Gagarin orbited the Earth in April, “and it will be some time before we catch up.” But two Americans have since hurtled into space, and the President has expanded his New Frontier by pledging to put a man on the moon within 10 years.
Maris hits 61 home runs in 162 games. New York, Oct 1, 1961
Roger Maris has smashed the home-run record that some baseball experts said would stand forever. The Yankee slugger belted his 61st home run, one more than Babe Ruth, in the final game of the season. Of course, he needed a 162-game season to do it, eight more games than Ruth had in setting the mark that has stood for 34 years. Maris socked no. 61 of Tracy Stallard, a Boston rookie, and got the only run in the 1-0 Yankee victory. Maris also led the league in runs batted in with 142.
Friendship 7 puts John Glenn in orbit Florida Feb.20, 1962
John H. Glenn Jr. Today became the first American in space to make an orbital flight, whirling around the Earth three times before splashing to a safe landing in the Atlantic Ocean at 2.43 pm. The 40-year-old astronaut completed the flight despite a series of difficulties that at one time raised concern that his Mercury spacecraft might disintegrate as it attempted to return to Earth.
The countdown proceeded smoothly and Glenn was rocketed into orbit at 9.47 a.m. As some 100,000 spectators on nearby beaches of Florida cheered and millions watched on TV.  Glenn splashed down into the Atlantic near Grand Turk Island  in the Bahamas.
Force sent to Laos: “act of diplomacy.” May 17, 1962
The White House announced today that President Kennedy is ordering a small contingent of American naval and ground personnel to Laos. The message asserts that the United States  recognises the sovereignty of that nmation and will work for the preservation of its neutrality under Prince Souvanna Phouma. Kennedy is convinced that both the communist Pathet Lao and the North Vietnamese are out to undermine and overthrow the government of Laos.
Marilyn Munroe is dead. Hollywood Aug. 5, 1962.
The last of the love goddesses is gone. Marilyn Munroe (ne Norma Jean Baker) rose from a childhood of deprivation, foster homes and mistreatment including rape, to become the whole world’s symbol  of the eternal female. She married at 16 to escape her surroundings . Working as a paint sprayer in a defense plant in 1944, she was discovered by an army photographer and became a pin-up girl and model. In August Fox signed her to contract.
Missiles of October place the world at the brink. Washington Oct. 28. 1962.
A week of unprecedented world-wide tension that drove the United states and the Soviet Union to the brink of a thermonuclear  confrontation ended today. Faced by an unwavering American President, Soviet Premier Nikita Khrushchev retreated, agreeing to remove from Cuba missiles that American military experts say could have wiped out the nation’s defences in 17 minutes.
Integration in Alabama. Birmingham Ala. June 11. 1963
Alabama Governor George Wallace vowed he “would stand in the schoolhouse door” to block integration. He did so today, but was brushed aside as National Guardsmen under federal orders escorted two Negro students, Vivian Malone and James Hood, into the University of Alabama’s Foster Auditorium o register for classes.
The victory is the first for the Kennedy Administration in its continuing struggle with Wallace. Attorney General Robert Kennedy met with the Governor in April, attempting to reach a peaceful resolution . He left in frustration, Wallace still vowing to defy federal integration orders.
Kennedy at Berlin Wall Germany June 26, 1963
“All free men, whereever they may live, are citizens of Berlin; and therefore, as a free man, I take pride in the words ‘ Ich bin ein Berliner’” (“I am a Berliner”). With this rousing declaration declaration, President Kennedy today won thunderous applause from a crowd of about 150,000 West Berliners packed into the plaza facing the Rathaus, or City Hall. Among thjose standing with the President on the balcony, which was draped with an enormous American flag, was West Berlin’s popular mayor, Willy Brandt.
King to 200,000: “I have a dream” Washington Aug. 12 1963
In the largest civil rights demonstration ever, more than 200,000 non-violent protesters gathered at the foot of the Lincoln Memorial today to hear Dr. Martin Luther King Jr., president of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference, describe his vision of the future of race relations in the United States. “I still have a dream,” Dr. King told the rapt audience. “It is a dream chiefly rooted in the American Dream. I have a dream that one day this nation will rise up and live out the true meaning of its creed - ”We hold these truths to be self-evident that all men are created equal.“
Beatles invade America New York, Feb. 10, 1964
“Its B-day! Its 6.30am! The Beatles left London 30 minutes ago! Heading for new York!” It was all the kids awakening to transistor radios on February 7 needed, as thousands besieged Kennedy Airport to offer the Liverpool quartet a shrieking, frenzied welcome to America. The Beatles - John Lennon, 23, Paul McCartney, 21, George Harrison, 21, and Ringo Starr, 23, shaped their music and shaggy hair cuts  playing in rowdy Hamburg clubs. Pandemonium will follow the group everywhere this weekend as obsessed fans mob the group shouting “He touched a  Beatle”.
President Kennedy is slain by Dallas assassin Nov. 22, 1963
President John Fitzgerald Kennedy was killed today when a sniper fired three rifle shots  at the presidents motorcade s it drove along Elm Street in downtown Dallas. Texas Governor John B. Connally, who rode in the President’s car with his wife and Mrs. Kennedy, was seriously wounded in the attack. The Governor is in Parklands Memorial Hospital, where he is listed in serious condition. Mrs. Kennedy and Mrs. Connally were not wounded.
“Oh no! Oh no!” Jacqueline Kennedy cried over and over, cradling her husbands head in her lap as the limousine raced to the Parklands Hospital.
Surgeon General : Cigarettes cause cancer. Washington Jan 11, 1964
An expert committee appointed by the Surgeon General today declared cigarette smoking a “health hazard” of sufficient importance to the United States to require remedial action. In a 150,000 word report, the 10-member panel said cigarettes are the leading cause of lung cancer and bronchitis and are involved in other forms of cancer, heart disease, ulcers and other diseases. The Surgeon General called the report “the most comprehensive.....analysis ever undertaken” of the smoking -health controversy and said he would advise all smokers to stop.
Congress irate at Tonkin Gulf attack. Washington Aug. 7, 1964.
After reports of two north Vietnamese attacks on American destroyers earlier this week in the gulf of Tonkin, Congress has overwhelmingly backed President Johnson’s request for broad emergency powers. By a unanimous vote in the House of Representatives and an 88 to 2 vote in the Senate, the Southeast Asia Resolution (which some legislators call the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution), has become law. The resolution, vaguely worded, says Johnson has full congressional authority “to take all necessary measure to repel any armed attack against the forces of the United States and to prevent further aggression.
Thus Congress gave him virtually every power he needs to deal with this growing conflict - except a formal declaration of war.
Johnson retains presidency with landslide Washington Nov 3, 1964
Lyndon Baines Johnson defeated Republican challenger Barry M. Goldwater by a lopsided margin in today’s presidential election. Johnson called the victory for himself and his running mate Hubert Humphries “ a mandate for unity.” Political experts disagree about whether the election is a “mandate.” But it is clear that voters rejected Goldwater’s conservatism, particularly on racial integration. Robert Kennedy was elected a senator for New York.
Clay defeats Liston
Fla. ,Feb 25, 1964
Cassius Marcellus Clay is the new heavyweight champion of the world. Against all odds, he demolished the gargantuan Sonny Liston tonight with a seventh- round knock-out.
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