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1971 - 1977
Charles Manson is sentenced to death. Los Angeles March 29, 1971
Charles Manson and the three women in his “hippie” family today were sentenced to death in the gas chamber following their January conviction for the gruesome murder of actress Sharon Tate and six others. Before their sentencing, the four were ejected for shouting at the judge. One of them, Susan Atkins, warned the court, “it’s going to come down hard . Lock your doors. Protect your kids.” The three women said they had been high on LSD at the time of the murders, and insisted that Manson was innocent.
My Lai: Calley is guilty. Fot Benning, Georgia, Mar. 29, 1971
In the most celebrated military court-martial of the Vietnam conflict, First Lieutenant William Calley was found guilty today. He was charged with the murder of 22 Vietnamese civilians in the My Lai massacre of March 968. The prosecution argued that Calley had personally directed and participated in the  brutal killing of unarmed innocent men, women and children in the hamlet of My Lai. Calley pleaded not guilty on the grounds that he was only following orders given by company commander, Captain Ernest Medina.
7,000 protersting war arrested in capital. Washington May 3. 971
Local police, the army, marines and guardsmen have stopped anti-war demonstrators from closing down the capital. But critics say the lawmen themselves broke the law by arresting everyone in sight, with total disregard for constitutional standards. More than 7,000 demonstrators were herded into the District of Columbia jail, a football field and the Coliseum. The crackdown had the full support of the President. “Short of killing people, Nixon had given Attorney-General John Mitchell a blank cheque,” on official said. He called it “overkill.” Some anti-war leaders fretted that this protest by “crazies” threatened the real peace cause.
U.S. Astronauts take a spin on the moon. The Moon, July 31, 1971
Shouting “Man oh Man!” like a pair of teenagers with a hot-rod, two astronauts set off for a drive across the desolate lunar surface today. They covered about five miles in the four-wheeled, electrically powered lunar Rover for what astronaut David R. Scott called “exploration at its greatest.” After unfolding the 10-foot Lunar Rover from Falcon’s descent stage, the astronauts wheeled off at 5 mph for a “rock and roll” ride over the bumpy moonscape. They will spend two days on the moon before re-joining the Apollo 15 pilot Major Alfred Warden. Because of budget constraints, just two more lunar landings are planned.
Nixon pays historic visit to Red China Shanghai, Feb. 28, 1972
The first visit ever made by a president of the United States to China ended today as Richard Nixon, accompanied by Mrs. Nixon, Secretary of State, William Rogers, Henry Kissinger, the national security advisor, and a large entourage left this bustling city for home.
Before departing, the President and Premier Chou En-Lai issued a joint statement, the Shanghai Communiqué, which summarises the issues on which they have either come to an agreement or acknowledged their differences the foremost among them being the issue of Taiwan.
Nixon-Brezhnev summit. Washington June 1. 1972
Declaring that “the foundation has been laid for a new relationship between the two most powerful nations of the world,” President Nixon reported to a joint session of Congress today on his recent visit to Moscow, the first such visit by an American President. After landing at Andrews Air Force Base, Nixon flew by helicopter to Capitol Hill to address the joint session.
The President tempers optimism with caution. “Maintaining the strength, integrity and steadfastness of our free world alliances,” Nixon says, “is the foundation on which all of our other initiatives for peace and security in the world must rest.”
Watergate break-in: where will it lead? June 20
1972.
The break-in at Democratic National Committee headquarters in the Watergate complex last week has become the basis of a million-dollar lawsuit against the Republican Committee to Re-elect the President. Democratic Chairman, Lawrence F. O’Brien announce the suit today, calling the break-in  “a blatant act of political espionage.” Meanwhile the F.B.I. Have subpoenaed records of the hotel where the alleged burglars were registered. They are Anti-Castro Cuban exiles who conferred recently with E. Howard Hunt, a C.I.A. Agency retiree who worked as a White House consultant.
Porno films, acupuncture, Jesus freaks. USA 1972
Problems? This year has solutions. Under the weather? Try health food or acupuncture. Having a crisis of faith? Talk to a Jesus freak or a believer in Transcendental Meditation. Trouble with your libido? Join the millions watching pornographic films. Trouble with a spouse? Take him (her) out to dine, perhaps at one of the thousands of new fast food chains. Home robbed too often? Buy a plastic card-operated lock-and-key system. Tired of taking out the garbage? Give it to Union Electric, St. Louis, which uses trash as a boiler fuel, Burn, baby, burn!
U.S. Role in Vietnam War is ended. Paris, France Jan. 27 1973
The official cease fire agreement that effectively ends the American combat role in Vietnam was signed here today. According to the statement agreed to by Henry Kissinger and North Vietnamese negotiator Le Duc Tho, the cease-fire order will take effect at 8 a.m. Tomorrow (Saigon time). The American response to the cease-fire has been more of a feeling of relief than celebration. When he announced the agreement earlier today, President Nixon never used the word “victory”
Top two Nixon aides testify. Washington July 30 1973
Former top Nixon aides John D. Ehrlichman and H.R. Haldeman again ringingly denied guilt in testimony before the Senate Watergate Committee today. Winding up five days of testimony , Ehrlichman repeatedly challenged former Nixon counsel John Dean, who has implicated his ex-associates . Ehrlichman who left his job as chief White House domestic adviser to prepare for his appearance , said “I do not apologise for my loyalty to the President.” Then, taking Ehrlichman’s place at the witness table, former White House chief of staff, H.R. Haldeman joined in the attack on Dean. Haldeman invoked still secret White House tape recordings as proof that Dean “did not keep us fully and accurately informed on Watergate.”
Nixon: “I’m not a crook” Florida Nov. 17 1973
President Nixon took the Watergate offensive today, assuring the 400 editors at the Associated Press Managing Editors at the convention that he is no crook. “I welcome this kind of examination,” he said, “because people have got to know whether or not their President is a crook. Well I am not a crook. I’ve earned everything I have got.”
At Disney World today, President Nixon said the reason “there are difficulties in hearing” some of the White House tapes is that “this is no Apollo system.” It cost only $2500, he told the editors, and “I found it was a Sony, a little Sony” with “these little lapel mikes in my desk.”
Gerald Ford is V.P., replacing Agnew Dec. 6 1973
Gerald R. Ford has taken the oath as 40th Vice President of the United States, replacing Spiro T. Agnew, who resigned before pleading no contest to a charge of income tax evasion. Ford was sworn in with his wife, Betty, their children and President Nixon by his side. He was the first chosen under a new constitutional procedure for replacing a vice president. Sixty years old and a veteran of 25 years in Congress he has been house minority leader since 1965.
Patty Hearst, kidnapped heiress, helps rob bank
San Francisco Apr. 15, 1974
Patty Hearst missing since her abduction by Simbionese Liberation Army members two months ago, showed up for three minutes during an armed bank robbery this morning. Surveillance cameras photographed Patricia Campbell Hearst, the 20 year-old daughter o  millionaire newspaper publisher Randolph Hearst, as she entered the Sunset District branch of San Francisco’s Hibernia Bank.
Nixon, cornered, resigns. Washington Aug. 8, 1974
Snarled in Watergate and prodded by the threat of impeachment, President Nixon has resigned the presidency as of noon tomorrow. In effect, he named his own replacement when he nominated Gerald R. Ford 10 months ago as successor to Vice President Spiro T. Agnew who quit in disgrace. “To leave office before my term is complete is opposed to every instinct in my body,” Nixon said tonight.
Ford pardons Nixon. Washington Sept. 8  1974
President Ford has pardoned former President Nixon - the man whose actions made Ford chief executive. The pardon I unconditional for all crimes Nixon may have committed in the White House. The pardon’s timing surprised many because it came without warning on a Sunday morning and because it is a sharp reversal from the position his aids ascribed to him when Ford became President.
Ali K.O’s foreman in Zaire to regain title.Oct 29, 1974
Muhammed Ali became the second heavyweight in boxing history to regain the world championship today when he knocked out George Foreman midway through their title fight in this exotic African setting. Only Floyd Patterson, in 1960, had won back a lost heavyweight title. The 32 year-old Ali knocked out 25 year old Foreman in the eighth round of a 15 rounder to the chant of “Ali kill him.” In a reversal of his usual strategy, Ali dropped his tricky dancing tactic and let Foreman flail away at his body. When Foreman tired, Ali let loose with bursts of lefts and rights.
Watergate principals get prison sentences Feb. 21 ‘75
The three most powerful men in the Nixon administration have been sentenced to prison terms that range from two and a half to eight years for their Watergate cover-up crime; former Attorney General John Mitchell, former White house chief of staff H.R. Haldeman and former chef domestic adviser John Ehrilchman, along with former Assistant Attorney General Robert Mardian, who drew a lesser sentence. Federal Judge John Sirica denied Ehrlichman’s request to do time on an Indian reservation instead of in prison. Haldeman’s attorney brought up the recent presidential pardon, protesting, “whatever Bob Haldeman did, so did Richard Nixon.”
Americans evacuate as Saigon falls Apr.30, 1975
The Vietrnam War ended today with the unconditional surrender of the South Vietnamese forces to the Communist Vietcong. Though the event took place thousands of miles from Washington, many Americans feel the Vietcong have handed the United States its first military defeat in 200 years as a nation. The 1,000 Americans remaining in Vietnam were evacuated by military helicopters, as were thousands of Vietnamese who feared for their lives under Communist rule. Secretary of State Henry Kissinger estimated the number of refugees evacuated at 56,000
Patty Hearst seized in raid by F.B.I. San Francisco, Sept 18, 1975
After a 19 month search, F.B.I. Agents caught up with Patty Hearst today. They arrested the 21-year-old publishing heiress who was kidnapped on February 1 last year by Simbionese Liberation Army members and later joined their cause. Patricia Campbell Hearts gave up meekly to the F.B.I. At her apartment in the Mission District. She faces bank robbery and other charges. The F.B.I believes  that with today’s arrest of Miss Hearst and three friends they have rounded up the last of the S.L.A. Members.
An Apple with byte. California Apr. 1, 1976
A company called Apple that intends to make and sell small computers for personal use has been started by two young engineers, Steven Jobs and Stephen Wozniak, who have a total of $1,300 in capital  and plan to assemble the computers in a garage. Both men work for established electronic companies but see great possibilities in personal computers. They originally planned to sell 100 computers for $50 each to make a quick profit, but local stores already have placed orders for four times that number.
National Revelry marks 200 years of independence. 1976
The frolics of 1876 were no match for the festivities of 1976; the first centennial was mostly celebrated by feeding from a simple picnic basket or watching an amateur marching band perform without the benefit of Sousa. The year 1976, however, offered a splendid show of 225 tall masted ships, the opening of a great aviation museum, a 10 mile long international parade and briefly the largest American flag ever. As for meaningfulness, there may be segments of the population unhappy with the current state of social affairs, but 1976 delivers more of the promises of 1776 than 1876, 100 times over.
Slowdown gives economic issue to Carter Washington October 1976
The stagnating economic recovery that experts keep trying to predict away is stubbornly hanging on to poison Republican fortunes in next month’s election. The rate of expansion slowed from 9.2% in the first quarter to 4.55 in the second. Leading economic indicators dropped in August for the first time in a year and a half. Unemployment did fall from 7.9 to 7.8% in September, but only after rising three months in a row. According to the Census Bureau, 25.9 million Americans are poor, the highest number since 1970.
Tom Wolfe proclaims the “Me Decade” New York 1976
Writing in the New York magazine, satirist Tom Wolfe has called this the “Me Decade.” Chronologically, 1976 is smack in the middle of “me-ness,” and there are some statistics to bear Wolfe out. One report reveals three out of five marriages end in divorce, and one out of five children lives in a one parent home. Is it a co-incidence that the teenage SAT scores are so low? What were parents doing while their children’s average scores dropped to 472 in maths and 453 in English (from 501 and 480 in 1968)? Perhaps they were joining the Me generation filling up on bran to live longer (bran cereal sales climbed 20% this year), or worrying more about the numbers on their pay cheques than those on their kids tests.
Carter pardons all Vietnam draft evaders. Washington Jan 21, 1977
Acting promptly to fulfil a campaign pledge, President Carter today granted a full pardon to all Vietnam-era draft evaders, providing they had not engaged in violent acts. The amnesty was not extended to those who entered the forces and then deserted, but an immediate study was promised to consider upgrading discharges that were less than honourable. The presidential pardon was criticized by some who thought it went too far, and by others who felt it did not go far enough.
“Moonies” held to be brainwashed given back to parents. California March 24, 1977.
California Superior Court Judge S. Lee Vauris ordered a group of five adult members of the Unification church placed in the temporary custody of their parents today. In issuing the order, Judge Vauris said it would appear that the Rev. Sum Myung Moon’s Unification Church (Moonies) exerted a brain-washing influence on the young adults making it impossible for them to consciously chose to remain with or leave the church.
Elvis, king of rock, gone! Memphis, Tennessee, Aug. 16, 1977
Elvis Presley died at his Gracelands mansion today. He was 42. Rock ‘n Roll might still be an innocuous hillbilly genre had Elvis Aaron Presley not shown up. Born in Tupelo, Mississippi, to working class parents,  Presley had a voice brushed with a shade of Southern blues. When parents heard his first hit, Heartbreak Hotel in January 1956, they knew they did not want their teenagers to hear it, and when they saw him gyrating on the Ed Sullivan Show in September of the same year, they did not want him seen either. Elvis lived on the edge: He took up karate and earned a black belt, stayed up at night and slept by day  and had several lovers after his five-year marriage to Priscilla Beaulieu
U.S. Signs away canal. Washington Sept. 7, 1977
The leaders of the United States and Panama agreed today that the Panama Canal shall be Panama’s canal by year 2000 - if the American Senate ratifies the treaty. President Carter and Brigadier General Omar Torrijos signed accords that would revoke the treaty of 1903 under which the United States built and controlled the canal.
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Apollo and Soyuz reach detente in space. Houston, July 17, 1975
Astronuts Thomas Stafford and cosmonaut Aleksei Leonov shook hands today as the Apollo 18 and Soyuz 19 docked in the first joint American-Soviet space mission. The rendezvous occurred four days after Apollo was orbited from Cape Canaveral, Florida, and Soyuz was launched from the Tyurtam space centre. Apollo and Soyuz will remain docked for two days, while the six American and Soviet crew members exchange visits.
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