Hyperion was a lazy horse but George Lambton was a shrewd trainer who was expert in getting the best out of his charges. The elderly trainer was in poor health and was not able to travel to Epsom to watch his horse make all the running to win the Derby by three lengths for Lord Derby. At just over 15 hands, Hyperion was a tiny horse - the smallest to win the Derby since 1840 - but he was tough enough to go on and take the St. Leger by leading from the start again.
Britain, inspired by the formidable Fred Perry, won the Davis Cup for the first time in 21 years, beating France 3 - 2 in Paris. Britain retained the title for the next three years and the redoubtable Perry won 45 of his 52 Davis Cup matches between 1931 and 1936.
Primo Carnera, a one-time circus strongman and the dullest and crudest boxer to become the world heavyweight champion, stunned the world when he knocked out Jack Sharkey, the holder, in six rounds at Long Island on June 29.
Because of his size 6ft 5¾ and 18st8lb, Carnera had been carefully groomed with hand picked opponents for this opportunity. The public were not fooled by this imitation champion and they bayed for a bout with Max Baer, a real fighter. Within two years they had their wish and Baer humiliated Carnera into appealing for the fight to be stopped in the 11th. Baer had floored Carnera 11 times and proceeded to make a fool of him.
CYCLING - The King of the Mountains classification was introduced in The Tour de France
RUGBY UNION - Wales won at Twickenham for the first time.
GOLF _ Densmore Shute won the first all-American play-off for the Open. He had four rounds of 73, the only time an Open winner has shot identical scores in every round.
TENNIS - Bunny Austin was the first man to wear short trousers on the Centre Court at Wimbledon.
The second World Cup, in Italy, was a different affair from the first. Now it was to be a European dominated tournament - without any British involvement, of course - and with only two South American teams, Brazil and Argentina, qualifying. The holders, Uruguay refused to participate, still piqued by the European ‘boycott’ in 1930. The Argentineans pointedly sent a weakened team because the Italians had lured away many of their best players on the pretext that they were of Italian descent. But what gave the tournament its distinctively sour taste was the spectre of fascism hanging over the event and the desperate need for Italy to win to legitimize Benito Mussolini.
The two strongest side in Europe were Italy and Austria, both guided by brilliant managers. The natural final would have been between these two sides.
In November, Italy the newly-crowned World Champions played an international at Highbury that was so ferocious it was known as the ‘Battle of Highbury’. For England the World Cup meant nothing, it was a foreign novelty; for Italy to beat England would prove their global credentials. As a result of injuries to the England squad there were seven Arsenal players in the team. But the ‘showpiece’ match degenerated quickly when in the first 90 seconds a fierce challenge by Ted Drake on Luisto Monti, a former Argentinian international, led to the centre half leaving the field with a broken toe. The ten man Italian side spent the rest of the first half trying to get even. England had a ‘purple passage’ and scored three goals and had a penalty saved.
Eddie Hapgood, the England captain had his nose broken and there were many other injuries. One journalist wrote “ There were so many bodies lying all over field that our selectors must have wondered if they had picked more than 11 players”. Peppino Meazza, the Italian inside-right scored two excellent goals and it was only the goal keeping of Frank Moss that gave England victory 3 - 2
Henry Cotton was the first Briton in 11 years to win the Open. The foundations for his five-stroke victory lay in a second round 65, consisting of solely threes and fours. His only blemish was a dropped shot at the eighth, where his tee shot was plugged in a bunker.
AMERICAN FOOTBALL - Beattie Feathers of Chicago became the first 1,000 yard rusher. He averaged 9.94 yards, which is still a record and it was 14 years until his 1,004 yards was beaten.
GOLF - Horton Smith won the first US Masters at Augusta National, Georgia.
Golden Miller did not look much of a prospect when he was bought from Ireland. His trainer described him as a carthorse. He was sold to Dorothy Paget and she was rewarded when Golden Miller completed a hat-trick of Gold Cups from 1932 - 34. For good measure he won the Grand National in 1934, a double that has never been repeated.
Golden Miller faced his greatest rival, Thomond II, in the 1935 Gold Cup and they produced one of the most stirring finishes ever seen at Cheltenham. Golden Miller and Thomond cleared the last two flights together and attacked the run-in up the hill at furious pace. Golden Miller though, inexorably inched ahead to win by ¾ of a length.
James Braddock caused one of the greatest upsets in the history of the heavyweight division on June 23 when he out-pointed a clowning Max Baer over 15 rounds to lift the world title in Madison Square Garden. Braddock had virtually retired two years earlier because of an injured right hand. Unable to box or work because of the Depression, he ; lived on hand-outs until he forced his way up the heavyweight division.
Despite his heart-warmimg story the public had little faith in him and he was written off as the Cinderella Man. Braddock began the fight at the outrageous odds of 10 - 1. Although Baer was a popular, charismatic and talented boxer he never took the game seriously enough, and was often erratic. This time he was physically unprepared also. Braddock outboxed the young champion, who frittered away his title in his first defence.
The fledgling Masters had been no more than an informal gathering place for Bobby Jones’s friends until Gene Sarazen stepped onto the 15th tee at Augusta National. It required something special to catapult the event into prominence. The 5f t 5in Sarazen was about to provide it.
Craig Wood led by three shots with four holes to play but Sarazen hit his tee shot to within 230 yards of the hole and then struck his second with an inspired blow. The ball cleared the pond protecting the green, skidded along the putting surface and rolled into the hole. Sarazen’s double eagle closed the gap on Wood to tie for the lead. In the play-off Sarazen beat Wood by five shots. The winners cheque which already had Wood’s name on it had to be torn up.
AMERICAN FOOTBALL - Bert Bell of the struggling Philadelphia Eagles, persuaded his fellow owners to adopt the draft system on May 19th, with the weakest NFL team getting the first pick of college players.
TENNIS - Helen Wills Moody equalled Dorothea Lambert Chambers’ record of seven Wimbledon wins when she beat Helen Jacobs 6- -3, 3 - 6, 7 - 5.
The first Summer Olympic Games to be held in Germany were used by the Nazi Party as a gigantic propaganda exercise. Almost as a direct consequence, these would be the last Olympic Games until 1948.
Despite IOC concerns about the Nazi’s rise to power in Germany, the committee were unable to move the 1936 Games away from Berlin. The German IOC Members and the German Reich had repeatedly given assurances that they would abide by the rules of the Olympic competition.
Before the event the chairman of the US National Olympic Committee and future IOC President Avery Brundage, had rejected calls by Jewish emigrants for a boycott and warned that politics should not interfere with sport. In addition, the world had seen how smoothly the Germans had run the Winter Games at Garmish-Partenkirchen earlier that year and this helped to dispel much of the scepticism that had prevailed before the Games.
As suggested by Carl Diem, the head of the German organising committee, this was the first time that the Olympic flame was ignited by the Sun in Olympia, Greece. It was then relayed to the impressive new 100,000 seat stadium by no less than 3075 torchbearers, each running one kilometre of the journey.
By employing the Third Reich’s efficient propaganda machine, Adolf Hitler was able to use these Olympics as a platform from which to promote the host nation to a worldwide audience. This was typified by the Olympische Spiele, Leni Riefenstal’s epic documentary on the Berlin Games, which although undoubtedly propaganda is also a respected cinematic work.
To deflect criticism of Germany’s race legislation, the German team manager named two ‘half Jews’ in the squad. Furthermore the ice hockey player Rudi Ball and the 1928 Olympic fencing champion Helene Mayer were included without having to go through the usual qualification process. However one of the worlds most accomplished high jumpers, the Jewish athlete Gretel Bergmann was not chosen.
The ruling powers had supported the German athletes’ preparations in every conceivable way since the athletes were supposed to prove the superiority of the “Ayran Race” in contrast to athletes from other parts of the world. This was much undermined by the success of American black athletes. Nevertheless Germany’s 33 golds meant that they finished as overall medal winners in the competition, ahead of the USA’s 24 golds and Hungary’s ten. Outdoor, 11-a-side handball was introduced to the tournament for the first and last time, with Germany beating Austria in the final. Other new disciplines were canoeing and basketball. The Americans triumphed in the latter, embarking on a winning run which was interrupted only by the USSR in 1972.
However they met in the semi-final in Milan on a rain-sodden pitch and Italy won 1 - 0 to meet Czechoslovakia in the final. Italy were trailing 1 - 0 in eight minutes but Italy retaliated with a freak goal by Orsi, and a further goal in extra time made Italy and Mussolini happy.
Search results published at foot of INDEX page
Did this web site interest you? If so perhaps a visit to the following by the same web master, you would also find enjoyable and informative -
Football aka Soccer - The Game - CLICK HERE
Louis XVI and the French Revolution - CLICK HERE
World War II - Epic Events - Key Players - CLICK HERE
Aviation - 1890 - 1949 The Pioneering Years - CLICK HERE
The History of the British Empire - CLICK HERE
Fall of The British Empire - CLICK HERE
Victorians and Empire, The British Way - CLICK HERE
True Tales of War, Adventure and Exploration - CLICK HERE
Greatest Highlights of Sport in the 20th Century - CLICK HERE
Milestones of the 20th Century Cinema - CLICK HERE
The fascinating story of the British Monarchy - CLICK HERE
Eyewitness to the History of America CLICK HERE
Eyewitness History of America - The Later Years - CLICK HERE
Lindfield Village - An English Classic - CLICK HERE
Start Lawn Bowls - CLICK HERE
Explore Sussex England - CLICK HERE
Gripping True Stories - CLICK HERE
Play Lawn Bowls to Win - CLICK HERE