Synoptic Situation at 0600 16/12/1962
High, 1037mb, Azores, stationary. Low, 966mb, S Denmark, has moved SE and
is continuing to do so. Ridge from Azores high to Iceland is moving E. Low
600 miles S of Greenland is moving quickly to S of Iceland and may plunge SE
rather earlier than its predecessors. Occlusion lies from Denmark SE to E
Germany with associated cold front lying due W to near Bordeaux, and linking
with the warm front, associated with the new Atlantic low.
Weather over the British Isles:
A mild, very windy and cloudy day in most areas. At noon, most places were
in a warm sector and temperatures were in range 12-14C in the S and Ireland,
but around 7 to 9C in parts of Scotland, but only 3C in Lerwick. Small
amounts of rain were recorded in the S but moderate rain crossed N areas as
the cold front moved SE: Manchester 13mm, Eskdalemuir 5mm, Stornoway 12mm,
Cardiff 3mm, and Benbecula 7mm.
Minima were in range 4 to 7C over England and Wales after the cold front had
passed. Scotland saw lower temperatures : Mull of Galloway 0C, Glasgow 3C,
Eskdalemuir 2C, Lerwick 1C, Tiree 4C, Dyce and Wick 2C. Ireland was in the
range 3 to 7C, lowest in the far NE, Belfast 3C and Valentia 7C. Showers
turned wintry in the far N of Scotland overnight.
Weather over the rest of Europe:
The low moving SE from Scotland brought rain/snow to parts of S Scandinavia,
and countries stretching from France to W Russia. Some snow fell ahead of
the frontal system as it moved S and E.
Maxima: Moscow 2C, Minsk -2C, Warsaw -1C, Prague -1C, Bucharest 2C,
Belgrade 5C, Bern 0C, Paris and Bordeaux 12C, Nimes 6C, Madrid 9C. N
Scandinavia was in range -22 to -28C and the S around zero, Stockholm 1C and
Helsinki -1C. Coastal Norway was -1 to -3C in E winds and Iceland was -2
to -4C in moderate N winds.
Minima: Lowest values were in N Scandinavia -12 to -26, Oslo 1C, Stockholm
0C, Helsinki -9C. Warsaw was 0C, Berlin 5C, Paris 3C, Brussels 7C, Brest
10C, Bordeaux 12C, Madrid 1C, Nimes 12C, Venice -3C and Belgrade 3C.
Gales will slowly subside and there will be sunny intervals in all areas,
with a few showers in N and W, wintry over high ground. Frost will develop
in a few places in the E before more rain and gales come in from the W
Some temperatures elsewhere at 1200 GMT:
Oimyakon -46C, Murmansk -6C, SW Greenland -6C, Thule -16C, Chesterfield -33C,
Goose -24C, Gander -6C and Montreal -17C. Over the USA the remnants of the cold
were in the E and SE: New York -9C, Washington -6C, Charleston -9C,
Pensacola -6C, but places further W were milder, Kansas 0C, Dodge City 2C and
Fort Worth 5C. Regina -8C, Fort Smith -6C, Fairbanks -6C and Vancouver 8C.