Synoptic Situation at 0600 01/01/1963
High Pressure extends from the Great Lakes through Greenland to W Russia,
with centre of 1044mb over E Greenland. Troughs moved SE across
Scandinavia. Low, 988mb, just W of Portugal is moving NE. Low, 996mb, SW
of Ireland has moved W a little. Shallow lows have moved E across France
with one centre, 1004mb, now over N Italy. Troughs still affect S England
and N France.
Weather over the British Isles:
The strong easterly persisted all the period and skies were cloudy except in
the far N. Diurnal variation of temperature was small.
Heavy rain affected parts of the far SW: Guernsey 8mm, Plymouth 13mm and St
Mawgan 18mm, both with snow late in period, Culdrose 22mm. Snow fell in
some SE and E areas: Gatwick 5mm, Boscombe Down 17mm, Newcastle 5mm,
Leuchars 1mm, Glasgow trace and Roches Point 32mm (rain). Snow showers
affected many other stations.
Maxima: Gatwick 2C, Guernsey 6C, Plymouth 7C, Culdrose 8C, Bristol 1C,
Cardiff 1C, Birmingham 0C, Watnall -1C, Newcastle 3C, Manchester 1C, Dyce
2C, Glasgow 2C, Wick 2C, Lerwick 1C, Tiree 3C, Belfast 3C and Valentia 4C.
Minima: Gatwick -2C, Guernsey 3c< Plymouth 0C, Culdrose 1C, Birmingham -1C,
Watnall -1C, Manchester -1C, Dyce -1C, Eskdalemuir -2C, Glasgow 0C, Wick 1C,
Lerwick -5C, Tiree 1C, Belfast 0C and Valentia 3C.
Weather over the rest of Europe:
Rain affected parts of W and S France and light snow fell along the trough
from SE England to Poland. Rain/snow moved SE across Scandinavia.
Maxima: Oslo -11C, Stockholm -11C, Helsinki -17C, but the far NW was milder
2 to 3C as the W winds encroached. Moscow -16C, Murmansk -10C, Minsk -14C,
Warsaw -11C, Belgrade 4C, Prague -6C, Berlin -6C, Cologne -4C, Munich 0C,
Paris 2C, Brussels 0C, Bordeaux 13C, Madrid 8C, Nimes 10C and Venice 2C.
Minima (0600 GMT): Oslo -5C, Stockholm -6C, Helsinki -9C, Minsk -23C,
Warsaw -20C, Berlin -13C, Belgrade 1C, Hanover -12C, Paris -6C,
Brussels -5C, Brest 2C, Bordeaux 6C, Madrid 6C, Nimes 2C and Venice 5C.
Coastal Norway was -9C in far S but typically +1 to +2C further N.
Cold with slight frost and maxima near zero. Further snow in the S and E
where falls may be moderate with heavy drifting in gale force E winds. A
few bright intervals in the far NW.
Outlook: Possibility of blizzards in the south.
Some other 1200 GMT Temperatures:
Verkhoiansk -52C, Chesterfield -35C. A large Atlantic storm, off E USA, was
forcing cold air far S over the E states: Toronto -23C, Boston -18C,
Pittsburgh -15C, Charleston -2C, but milder in the W: Fort Worth 2C, Rapid
City -4C, then cold again in W Canada: Fort Smith -40C, Fort Simpson -33C
and Fairbanks(Alaska) -36C. Vancouver was 5C