The Bonds of the Isle of Purbeck

 

Now I come to the PURBECK BRANCH of the family, the descendants of Robert Bond, the younger brother of Richard Bond, sons of the original Robert and Elizabeth, heiress of the de Earths.

This Robert went to Hache Beauchamp in Somerset, where that early John le Bonnd had lived, about a hundred years before.

There are no records in between, but it looks likely that some member or members of John le Bonnd's family had settled in Cornwall, that one of them had married Elizabeth de Earth, and that the line of Hache Beauchamp had failed, and that Robert went back to carry it on. Whether this is just what happened or not, he settled there, and in 1431, Henry VI., married the daughter and heiress of Lutton, in the Isle of Purbeck in Dorset. Her name is not known.

This couple had a son, another Robert. He made an illustrious marriage with Mary, daughter of Sir John Hody of Pillesden in Dorset, who was Chief Justice of England in 1440, and whose son, Sir William Hody, was Chief Baron of the Exchequer in 1486. With Mary came wealth.

After them came William, born 1455, Denis,13 and John, born 1553, and then another Denis, born 1588, died 1658 all these being of Lutton.

This Denis, a woollen draper of Dorchester by trade, was a famous politician. He was Mayor of Dorchester in 1635, and was returned to Parliament along with a Denzil Hollis in 1640. Even at the outset of his parliamentary career he was a decided adherent of the party of reform. He was;-- "Very severe and resolved against the church and the court". He was invited to sit on the commission to try Charles I., but like many others, he refused to go so far as to condemn the King, and did not sit.

On February 4th. 1649, after the King's trail, he was elected a member of the Council of State, (in the Commons), being re-elected every year until 1653. He sat on many committees, the most important being the committee for trade and foreign affairs, and the Admiralty committee, both standing committees.

He also sat from time to time on minor committees, such as disposing of the prisoners taken at Worcester, considering how best to prevent the exportation of corn, or raising money to pay the judges.

On two occasions he was elected to the monthly presidency of the Council, July 12th. 1652, and March 23rd. 1652/3. After the dissolution of the Long Parliament, April 19th. 1653, he was not elected to the new Council, but in 1655 he was a member of the Council's committee for trade, -- co-opted, I suppose --.

Earlier, at Dorchester, he was among the first fifteen capital burgesses nominated in the new charter granted to Dorchester by Charles I. in 1629, bailiff the following year, and Mayor in 1635. (Most of these notes are from the "Dictionary of National Biography", to be seen in any Public Library.)

Up to this point, the family had used the shield with the chevron and the three bezants, but Denis Bond petitioned the Heralds to be allowed to use his great uncles shield, black with a golden fess, as three other families also used the bezant one. The Heralds said he was equally entitled to both, and could use either. He used both, putting the fess one on the heraldic right. An eagles wing went as crest with the fess, and a winged horse, (a demi Pegasus, azure, semee of etoils), with the bezant one. Also there was a seated lion "guardant", as crest as well.

It was to this Denis that the man called Sanque gave the very early pedigree deducing the family from Bonde, a Norman", who came over with the Conqueror, which neither Denis nor later people have believed true. (See page 40 for more details).

Denis had two wives and eleven children. The eldest was John, a Puritan divine. Denis represented Weymouth and Melcombe Regis in the short lived Parliament of 1654, and the same constituency in 1656. He died on August 30th. 1658, "The windiest day", says Wood, "that had happened for twenty years, being then tormented with the stranguary and much anxiety of spirit." Cromwell's death following on September 3rd., suggested to some Royalist the pun, that the devil had taken Bond for Oliver's appearance! He was buried in Westminster Abbey, but in September 1661 his body was exhumed and transferred to the churchyard of St. Margaret's Church nearby, "before the back door of the lodgings belonging to one of the Canons of Westminster".

John Bond, 1611 to 1676, L.L.D., M.A., was Denis' eldest son, and so inherited Lutton. But, his work taking him to other places, he sold Lutton to his youngest half-brother Nathaniel, who is the ancestor of the Bonds of Lutton and Creech Grange, which was bought by Nathaniel later, in 1686, and has been the seat of that branch of the family ever since. Nathaniel was a barrister, and was made a King's Sergeant.

John the Puritan divine, was nearly as wellknown as his father. He preached to the Long Parliament, being a very hot preacher indeed. Some of his sermons still exist. He did not marry. He was B.A. in 1631, M.A. in 1635, L.L.D. in 1645. He lectured at Exeter, then was minister at the Savoy, in the Strand. In 1643 he was a member of the assembly of divines. In December 1645, Master of the Savoy. In March, 1646 elected Master of Trinity College, Cambridge, in place of Robert King L.L.D. who was deprived of it, but put back again in John's place in August 1660. (The Strand in London).

In 1649 he was professor of law at Gresham College, London. In 1654 he was on the commission of Middlesex and Westminster for ejecting scandalous ministers and schoolmasters. He was Vice Chancellor of Cambridge University in 1658. He died on July 30th. 1676, and was interred at Steeple, in which parish Lutton is situated. There is no monument by his wish. (See National Biography, and Gentleman's Magazine, LXV. May 1795, pp 301 & 395.)

Denis Bond had two wives, Joan, daughter of John Gould of Dorchester being mother of the first five children, when she died. Denis then married Lucy, daughter of William Lawrence of Steeple. She had six children. Altogether the children were;--- 1.John. 2.Joan. 3.Joan again. 4.William of Blackingstone near Lutton. 5.Sarah. Here is the gap. Then 6.Samuel., a barrister, and M.P. for Poole in 1658, and for Melcombe Regis in 1669. He started practising in Deptford, where he married Hester, daughter of John Holland. They had five children, moving to Dorchester after the birth of the second. Samuel was buried in St. Peter's Church, Dorchester. 7.Mary. 8.Elizabeth. 9.James. 10.Onisiphorous. 11.Nathaniel.

Nathaniel married Mary Williams, and they are the ancestors of the present Bonds of the Isle of Purbeck, of Wareham and Tyneham. (see Burkes Landed Gentry for details). His son, John Bond of Tyneham, who died in 1774, married a Margaret Williams, who was descended through various men and women, from Edward III., through his son Thomas Plantagenet Duke of Gloucester, by 12 descents. Some of our family have thought that this refers to our branch, but it cannot possibly do so. John Bond of Tyneham's children would have been the first to have inherited Margaret's trace of Royal blood, and they could only be very distant cousins of ours. (See "Pedigree of Bond", 2nd edition published in 1858, in the British Museum Library, for complete pedigree and notes on this family. Interesting.)

The well-known Dame Alice Lisle was a descendant of the branch of the Purbeck Bonds, which dwelt at Blackmanstone. She was executed by Judge Jefferies orders for feeding and hiding two refugees after the Battle of Sedgemoor. She was his first victim.

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