COLLIERIES OF THE NORTH STAFFS COALFIELD (T)

All National Grid references shown thus G.R.999666

TALKE AND RED STREET.
In 1788 Thomas Child of Crown Bank House, Talke was the owner of Mitchells Wood farm. Thomas Child retired to Talke after a career in the Navy as the purser of H. M. ship St. George. the fact of his elder brother being an admiral had no doubt influenced his career. At this time it was possible for an unscrupulous man to use the position as a purser to his own advantage and Thomas may have been less than completely honest, certainly he was lax in paying coal royalties which were due on his mines. Before 1788 he was renting the mines under the wastes at and near Red Street from the lords of the manor ,( Heathcote and Sneyd. ) In November 1788 Child was extending his gutter or “great soak “ from Mitchells Wood farm further into Mr. Sneyd's land at Red Street in the expectation of working more of Sneyd's coal. He wrote to Sneyd's agent as follows,

To Thomas Breck Keele Hall.
Crown Bank 21 st. November 1788.
Sir,
As you and Mr. Rowe were pleased to let me the waste lands belonging to the Lords of the Manor at and near Red Street and having as you were before informed an opportunity of cutting the great soak in my farm by which some mines in your estate may be drained, and of course the properest for me to rent, if you are of the same opinion I will wait on you upon said business anytime you may appoint. I have the pleasure to be with respectful compliments to Mr. Sneyd.
Sir, your most humble Serv.
Thomas Child.
N.B. Your answer of return of post will be deemed a favour as brick clay should be cast the sooner the better for the pits there.
N.B. I think two if not more of your renters of mines failed.

Breck read the letter, filed it and ignored it. He seems to have had a reluctance to do business with Child. Just over a fortnight later Child wrote again.

To Thomas Breck Keele Hall.
Crown Bank 6th. December 1788.
Sir.
I have daily expected your answer to my letter delivered to you near three weeks ago relative to the mines in Mr. Sneyd's lands which may be drained by cutting a soak deeper in my Mitchells Wood farm. And as this is the best season for casting Brick Clay you permitting us to perform that business forthwith will be deemed a favour.
I left Messrs. Henshall and Gray's opinion concerning waste mines with Mr. Birks, which flatter myself will be satisfactory to Mr. Sparrow your assisting Mr. Birks in settling said matter , and drinking a bottle or bowl of the best out of the money due to me on balance, the very first opportunity will much oblige.
Sir Most Humble Servt.
Thomas Child.
N.B. I have heard nothing from Sir John or Co but should they fix with you where Mr. Birks may meet them to setch our works under the waste it will be agreeable to my wish, and for their accomodation I have ordered my gears, ropes, ( ???? ) to remain at the pits.
( Mr. Birks was Robert Berks of Apedale who was popular as an arbitrator in local mining disputes. )

There were two more letters written to Breck by Child on the same subject, one written on the 21st. of December is written in an aggressive almost rude manner demanding an answer, Breck ignored that one also. Child must have realised he was not going to be able to bully or browbeat Breck into doing what he wanted and so his fourth and final letter, dated 31st. December was polite in tone and personally delivered by hand. Breck was in a cleft stick it was his duty as agent to maximise his master's income but he knew he may well have trouble with Child's payments. Child had suggested William Ledward, ( a well known local surveyor from Newchapel ), should determine the royalty payments.

In the New year Breck wrote back.

Keele 1st. January 1789.
Sir,
I have this instant received your letter dated yesterday --- etc. --- As to Wm. Ledward taking account of the coals got by you upon the wastes at Red Street I shall be glad that he may do it. Sir John having complained to me that you got coals and nobody took any heed of them, Mr. Rowe, ( Heathcote's agent at Kidsgrove ), having left off coming that way.
At this time Child appears to be in dispute with Sir John Edensor Heathcote over coals got in the Red Street wastes owned by Heathcote. ( Mr. Sparrow being Heathcote's solicitor for many years. )
Child however, seems to have been successful in his attempts to expand his coal interests. He owned Mitchells Wood farm, Windy Arbour farm and land to the west of Jamage road, Talke. He died sometime around December 1791 as his will is dated 17 12 1791. As he remained a bachelor on his death his property passed to his nephew John George Child and then to Smith Child of Stallington Hall who leased the minerals to the North Staffordshire Coal and Iron Co.

TALKE AND TALKE PITS.
Nineteenth century directories record several coalmasters at Talke.
White's Directory 1831.
William Boulton, coalmaster, Talke.
Slaters Directory of the Midlands 1850.
Samuel Birks, coalmaster, Greenfields, Talke.
White's Directory 1851.
Samuel Birks, coalmaster and farmer, Dunkirk.
Samuel Taylor, coalmaster and farmer, Foxholes.
Peter Hopkins, coalmaster.

The early working appears to be near to Audley Road, those of Samuel Taylor perhaps near to New Springs and those of Samuel Birks, the Greenfield pits, at O.S. 528 818 app., the Greenfield pits date from at least the 1830's. They were advertised to be let on lease in January 1853, application to be made to Samuel Birks, Talke o' th' Hill, near Lawton, Cheshire. They were described as having been worked on a small scale for several years, the estate consisted of 200 to 300 acres and a gutter was already driven to a depth of 40 yards. The Seven feet, Ten feet, Two row and Banbury coals were already proved.
In the summer of 1852 the opportunity to invest in shares ( amounting to £50,000 ) in the North Staffordshire Mining Company was offered to the public. However, by June 1853 the company had ceased to exist and Samuel Birks the "captain" of the works was being sued for £50 for non payment of wages. Thomas Willis, Thomas Oldham and Samuel Thorpe, described as directors of the North Staffordshire Mining Company were also in court for non payment of debts.
Coal mining, except for small scale works, was held back at Talke until railway transport was provided. Andrew Thompson, agent to the Sneyd estate, was aware of this fact and in the late 1850's he decided, in his efforts to maximise the estate income, to build a private railway from the N. S. R. at Chatterley to land owned by Ralph Sneyd at Mitchells Wood and Talke. The line was built on Sneyd's Land and continued on to the land of Smith Child at Talke. The railway was two miles and thirty one chains long , the last fifty one chains being on Smith Child's land.. It was opened on Tuesday the 28th. of April 1860, the act of parliament authorizing the construction was not obtained until 28th. June 1861.
Thompson's railway had the desired effect of encouraging development at Talke. A company was formed, this was the North Staffordshire Coal and Iron Company, formed about 1862/3 in Manchester by an already successful group of Lancashire coal owners over half of whom were related, they were,
T.H. Birley ( Company chairman. )
R. Langdon ( Company Secretary. )
T.L. Birley J.P.
C. Birley
Hugh Birley M.P. J.P. D.L.
Herbert Birley
Arthur Birley
F.H. Birley
J. Morkhill
W.T. Smith
C. Westcomb
R.S. Gard
William Johnson General Manager.
Robson Moffat Ground Bailiff.

The company was unusual in the fact that it was foreign capital being invested in North Staffordshire industry, the company meetings were held in Manchester. Mineral rights were leased from the local land owners, by far the most important being, Smith Child of Stallington Hall, G.W. Wickstead of Shakenhurst Hall, Worcestershire and Ralph Sneyd of Keele Hall. Red Street colliery, already a working colliery, was purchased by the directors on the 2nd of July 1864 and a mineral lease was obtained from the Sneyd estate commencing 24th June 1864. It was signed by F.H. Birley, W. France and C. Westcomb. The agreed prices were,
Ironstone 1/- per long ton. ( 2400 Lbs. )
Coal 10d. per long ton.
Slack 5d. per long ton.
Bricks 1/- per thousand.

Royalties were paid from the 29th September 1864. ( The last lease signed with the Sneyd estate was due to be renewed in 1944. ) The first work at Talke was at the already existing Greenfield pits to which the railway had been taken. Two new sinkings were started almost immediately at O.S. 528 825 app. Number 1 shaft was sunk 384 yards to the Bullhurst coal and being the deepest shaft was used as the downcast, drawing coal from the 10 foot to the Bullhurst by a cross measure drift The number two shaft was sunk 323 yards to the 8 foot Banbury, it was the upcast and was furnace ventilated by means of a dumb drift, allowing both shafts to be wound. In 1866 it was reported in the London Illustrated News that the Number 1. or South Shaft drew the 7 and 8 foot Banburys whilst the North shaft drew the “ Truro “ and other seams. Water was pumped by a beam engine and pump rods. ( In later years much use was made of underground siphons charged by compressed air driven pumps. ) Number one shaft was wound by a large pair of engines supplied by the Haigh foundry of Wigan which lasted the life of the colliery.
The average dip of the measures at number one shaft was 19 degrees south east, the coals worked were,

Coal Seam Thickness Category Depth
Rough 7 foot 8 foot 1 inch Common steam coal 252 feet
Stoney 8 foot 3 feet 0 inch Common steam coal
Ten foot 9 feet 6 inch Highly bituminous coking coal 451 feet.
Little row 1 foot 3 inch
Two row 3 foot 7 inch Open house coal
7 Foot Banbury 7 foot 10 inch Highly bituminous coking coal 840 feet
8 Foot Banbury 8 feet 6 inch Highly bituminous coking coal 970 feet
Bullhurst 9 feet 0 inch Highly bituminous coking coal 1150 feet.

From the list it can be seen that most of the coal produced was high quality coking coal, which depending on the treatment could be used to produce gas or metallurgical coke.
Underground work was started at the new pits in June or July 1865. As it was a new colliery with no history of accidents the workings were considered "safe" They were however working coals which gave off gas very freely and were subject to spontaneous heatings or gob fires. Contrary to the best advice and practices the method used by local managements to limit gob fires was to limit the ventilation, particularly to the wastes in an attempt to inhibit heatings. This inherently dangerous practice was used by the management at the "North" There was also at this time complete indifference to the danger of coal dust and discipline underground was lax, men regularly smoked underground and many carried keys to open their lamps. Some men fired their own shots using their lamps for ignition of the fuse.
During the first two weeks of December 1866 the country was covered by a deep depression, the barometric pressure was low and consequently increased amounts of gas were given off by the coal, as a result in these two weeks there were several colliery explosions. Between eleven and twelve o clock on the morning of Thursday the 13th of December 1866 there was an explosion at the “ North “. The accident did not raise the sympathy it would normally have done as it was overshadowed by an explosion on the previous afternoon at the Oaks colliery of Messrs. Firth Barber and Co., at Barnsley which killed 334 men and boys. On the following day, that of the North explosion, the Oaks again exploded killing another 27 men involved in rescue operations . The Talke disaster was reported in the national press and a subscription was opened for the widows and dependants. Queen Victoria gave£100 as did Sir Smith Child on whose land the colliery stood, eventually the fund reached £16000 A self appointed committee of local dignitaries administered the fund, they included Sir Smith Child, several directors of the company, the Revd. M.W. McHutchin, the incumbent of Talke, the Revd. C.P. Wilbraham etc. Mr. W.C. Gemmel, the manager of the Newcastle branch of the National Provincial bank , ( which also gave £100 ), became treasurer.
The Swan hotel, Talke, was used as a mortuary whilst the bodies were being recovered and identified. As was the custom at that time , in order to dispose of the bodies as quickly and decently as possible the company paid for the funerals of the victims with a good oak coffin with a plate giving the name and age of the occupant. Most of the Talke men were methodists of various persuasions, however the only place of burial was the churchyard so the local men were buried there in batches as the formalities of identification were completed. On Sunday the 23rd of December at 3 o clock in the afternoon the first twenty two were buried in front of a large crowd of onlookers. The following day, Christmas eve a further twenty one were buried, the crowd being smaller as it was a working day.
The relief committee met in the national schoolroom at Talke, the Revd. McHutchin of Talke suggested any orphans should be placed in the Wolverhampton Orphan Asylum, which could hold 200 inmates but at that time only held 107. It was pointed out by Mr. J. Cooper that it was necessary to make a down payment of £100 on each child placed in the asylum. The Revd. McHutchin wondered if the managers would waive the charge in this case? Another proposal by Sir Smith Child referred to the widows of the men killed, he suggested that if any remarried, or were guilty of any immoral conduct, they should receive no further assistance from the fund. The level of relief set by the committee was five shillings a week for each widow and two shillings a week for each child under fourteen years.
( Six years later one hundred and seventy dependants were receiving relief from the fund. )
The management committee under the chairmanship of Sir Smith Child, having set the level of relief, not at which the fund could afford but at what they considered appropriate, then had to decide what to do with the "surplus". Their decision was to use part of the money donated to the bereaved of the disaster to set up a permanent relief fund for the coal and ironstone miners of North Staffordshire. £3000 was immediately siphoned off as the basis of the new fund and the Miners were told to contribute to the fund from their wages. A neat trick which would have removed from the employers any costs resulting from future accidents. Not surprisingly the leaders of the North Staffordshire Federation of Miners spoke out strongly against the scheme, advising the men not to join and there was a reluctance to do so. In 1873 less than ten per cent of Talke men were members.
After the explosion the colliery was quickly recovered, as the men had no other source of income they returned to work, many of them were involved in the recovery. The number of men employed rose steadily until by 1873 over three hundred men and boys worked underground.
On Tuesday the 18th. of February 1873 there was another explosion in the 8 foot Banbury district, only 23 or 24 men were at work in the district at the time. The reason for the explosion was said to be a blown out shot, and fortunately only the 8 foot section was affected, the men and boys in the other districts were evacuated. After the ventilation was re-established and the fires put out eighteen bodies were recovered, only three of the victims were members of the Permanent Relief Society.
The Revd. M.W. McHutchin, the vicar of Talke again received letters of condolence, the Bishop of Lichfield wrote as did Sir Smith Child , the latter referred to information which had reached him that some of the leaders of the Colliers Union had been speaking out publicly against the Miners Relief Society and advising them not to join, " this accident would bring the matter home to them."The real indictment was however contained in the report of H.M. Inspector of Mines of 1873." Explosions of firedamp have taken place in six collieries and caused the death of twenty five persons, although the number of accidents is less than the previous year. The first occurred at the unfortunate Talke o' th' Hill colliery, where so many poor fellows met an untimely end. But, the loss of one hundred lives; the advice and warning given by myself and many others that the ventilation of these two fiery seams was totally inadiquate had no effect on the directors. This explosion followed as a natural consequence. "
The colliery manager at this time was Edward Ross Walker.
There was another explosion on Whit Monday the 27th. May 1901 in which four men were killed, fortunately it was a holiday which undoubtedly saved many lives. This was the last explosion and in later years safety was taken seriously.
The colliery was renamed Talke o' th' Hill colliery company and was eventually owned as a subsidiary by John Summers, a large coking plant was built before the first war together with a chemical plant,"the Chemics";. The colliery was finally closed together with the coking plant in the depression about 1930.

TALKE O TH. HILL. See Talke section.
a.k.a. " The North.";
North Staffordshire Coal and Iron Co Ltd.
Talke o' th' Hill Nos. 1.2.3.4.5. Mitchells Wood Nos. 1.2.4.
Audley, Hardings Wood, Wolstanton, Chesterton.
Coal; Peacock, Spendcroft, Great Row, Cannel Row, Brown Mine ( old and new )
Birchenwood, Five ft. Rough 7 ft. Little Row, Two Row, Seven ft, eight ft, little,
Bullhurst.
Ironstone; Red Mine Bassey Mine, New mine, Cannel Mine, Chalkey Mine,
Little Mine, Brown Mine. Ab. 25th March 1928.
6SE 1926. H 1.2.3.4.
11NE 1925. A 1.2.3.4. B 1.2.3.4.5. C 2.3.4.5. D 3.4.5.6.E 4.5.6. F 4.5.

TALKE GREEN NUMBER 5.
Footrail.
1949 Greenfields collieries, ( Talke ) Ltd.
William Owen-Jones, Grove House, Abbots Way, Newcastle.
Talke Green Number 5 , Talke.
Coal, household and steam, Holly Lane.
14 u/g, 4 a/g.

TALKE LANES.
1869 Talke Coal Co.

TALKE HURST. G.R. 825 551. app. ( See Lawton and Harecastle collieries. )

TOP HIGH CARR.
As opposed to bottom High Carr or Birchhouse colliery.
Worked by Stanier, Stanier's wagonway went from here to the canal. These pits were according to H. Minshall, filled by his grandfather J. T. Minshall engineer to the Apedale company sometime during the 1880's. Perhaps at the end of Stanier's lease. These were the pits reopened by T. Bentley.

TOWERHILL. G.R. 867 568. app. See Stonetrough.
In 1832 Robert williamson leased the mineral rights to Stonetrough, Hollinhouse and Tower Hill farms and land for a tramway to the Macclesfield canal. Tower Hill colliery may have been of later date than Stonetrough as the date on the Tower Hill engine house was 1842. Williamsons lease expired in 1882 and Heaths acquired the colliery in 1887.
1905 Geological Survey.
--- Where the road from Mow Cop running south east from Tower Hill Farm branches eastwards to Red Cross an old colliery formerly existed of which the spoil heap still remains on the north side of the road. The shaft was sunk on the 7 Foot coal near the surface. --- The Tower Hill shaft lies nearly two miles due east of Hall o' Lea colliery.
Cat Ab Mine Plans 1929.
Parish. Biddulph, Newchapel.
Coal, Bullhurst, Winpenny, 1842; Holly Lane or Two Row; Hardmine 1844; 10 Foot 1870; 7 Foot Banbury 1872. 8 Foot Banbury.
Plans Robert Heath and Lowmoor Ltd.
6SE 1926. A 12. B 12.
7NW 1900. F 3. G 1.2.3. H 1.2.3.
7 SW 1925. A 1.

TRUBSHAWE.
Collieries shown at G.R. 878 554, & 878 553. app. in 1837.
Trubshawe collieries were probably established after 1750 and drained by a gutter.
A carrying company known as Sutton Robinson and Co. was operating on the Trent and Mersey and Bridgewater canals and the river Trent by 1812. By 1831 this company was known as the James Sutton and Shardlowe Boat Company.
White's Directory of 1831 lists James Sutton and Company, Coalmasters, Trubshawe.
1831 Richard Sherratt Agent.
1839 Moses Hancock Agent.
1845 Edward Wales Agent.
1851 Joseph Coe Agent.
Royalty owner Mr. Woodhouse.
His agents
1839 Edwin Eardley.
1845 John Bott.
1851 Edwin Eardley.
John Ward ca. 1838 mentions Messrs. Sutton and Company as coal and ironstone masters in Kidsgrove.
White's Directory of 1851.
----- many of the inhabitants are employed in the collieries belonging to Thomas Kinnersley of Clough Hall and James Sutton and Company of Trubshawe.---
In 1857 Suttons retired from the carrying trade and it seems likely that about this time that the ownership of Trubshawe colliery changed.
The Trubshawe collieries were connected by tramway to the canal, at a point which became known, with the advent of the N.S.R., as Trubshawe sidings. There were bee hive coke ovens adjacent to the tramway so Suttons produced coke as well as coal and ironstone. In 1869 there were two Trubshawe collieries belonging to Messrs. Bidder and Elliot and Kinnersley and Co.
In 1896 Trubshawe owned by the Birchenwood Colliery Company was standing.
The O.S. shows old collieries with engine pools at G.R. 853 551, 857 551 & 858 554 app. Which together with an old colliery at 843 559 probably formed Trubshawe collieries.
Cat Ab Mine Plans 1929.
Trubshawe 9331
Coal, King, Winpenny, Bullhurst, Cannel 1861
Plans Hewitt and Co.
6SE 1926. A 8. B 8. C 8.
Trubshawe Shop Bank Number 4
Coal, 10 Feet 1859.
Plans Hewitt and Co.
6SE 1926. D 10. 11.
Trubshawe and Harriseahead 9332
Coal, 8 Feet Banbury 1882, 7 Feet Banbury 1864.
6 SE 1926. B 11. 12. C 10.11.12. D 10.11.
Trubshaw.
Coal; Eight ft. , Bowling Alley, Ten ft., 1869.
Little Row, Top Two Row. 1864.
6SE 1926. B 11.12. C 10.11.12. D 10.11.12. E 11.

TURNHURST
The Turnhurst estate came into the possession of the Gresley family via the widow of Sir Thomas Bellott who was a Gresley. She married twice and had no children and her property passed to the Gresley family. Turnhurst estate was sold by them in 1760 to a partnership of John and James Brindley, Hugh Henshall and John and Thomas Gilbert. The purchase also included the Goldenhill Estate which was at that time producing coal. James Brindley made his home at Turnhurst Hall.
Emmanuel Lovekin writes that in the 1850's
--- I had a moderate place , ( as a butty ), at Turnhurst for some time, but the manager Mr. James Lindop left, he went to South Staffordshire. Mr. F. Bowers offered me a place after, but would not give me money enough---
Lovekin was dismissed and sued the firm for £100 owing to him and his men in the county court. He won, but the colliery firm counter sued and lost Lovekin again sued in the Court of Exchequer and got his £100 and expenses under the truck act.
Slater's Directory 1851.
Turnhurst colliery, Tunstall.
Bowers and Challinor
1880 Turnhurst colliery Co., Newchapel. Ernest Eagle manager.
N.S.I.M.M.E.
Alfred Bate, Turnhurst Colliery. Elected 1873.
Joseph H. Coe Turnhurst colliery Elected 1873.
G.A. Mitcheson 1868 1934 succeeded his father G.J. Mitcheson as manager about 1880.
The colliery was connected to the N.S.R. in 1862.
The O.S. shows three collieries.
865 536. With a rail connection to the Loop line.
876 537. With a rail connection to the Biddulph valley line.
869 536 With a rail connection to the Biddulph Valley line.
Part of the royalty was obtained by Heaths and closed in 1886.
Cat Ab Mine Plans 1929.
Coal and ironstone, Winghay, Rowhurst,twist,Burnwood, Chalkey Mine, Brown Mine Rusty mine, Abandoned July 1886.
7SW 1925. G 1.2. H 1.2.3.
Chell and Turnhurst.
Coal, Rowhurst 1885, Winghay 1892, Burnwood, Twist 1893, Chalkey.
Ironstone, Rusty 1879, Lark 1880, Brown Mine 1882.. Burnwood.
Plans Robert Heath and Lowmoor.
The colliery became the Turnhurst Coal and Ironstone Company Ltd., then the Turnhurst Colliery Company.
Charles J. H.Homer appears to have bought part of the Turnhurst colliery and royalty as at the time of his death in 1893 he was planning to reopen certain collieries on his Turnhurst estate.

TURNHURST. 8800.
Footrail ?
Coal, Lady Abandoned Nov. 1926.

TURNHURSTNUMBER 2.
Footrail. ?
Coal, Winghay Abandoned Jun 1928.

TABERNERS OR LITTLE PITS. See Smiths gutter.
Simeon Shaw ca. 1828 refers to a shaft, ( about the year 1800 ), at the Taberners or Little pits, Longton.

TILERIES. See Peake's new sinkings.
Thomas Peake 1798 1881 was a brick and tile manufacturer by 1820.
John Ward ca. 1838 --- on the western side of Tunstall on the long declavity which reaches to the banks of the canal are the extensive works called the TILERIES; a name first applied to the centre and senior establishment of Thomas Peake. ---
Probably the pits were originally sunk to provide a cheap source of fuel for the brickworks and the involvement with ironstone was as a result of the intense demand for rucked ironstone from the South Staffordshire iron producers from the 50's to the 70's. The close proximity of the pits to the canal and railway gave the colliery an advantage and it was well established by 1860. According to Emmanuel
Lovekin Nathaniel Turner was the manager and the butties were Messrs. Hughes Bros and himself. "Young" Mr. John Nash Peake 1837 1905 was by this time involved in running the firm.
Peake's system of heavy clay ceramics and mining was very successful and another site was opened at Rosemary Hill, Silverdale. By 1870 Mr. James Tomkinson , ( brother in law of J Nash Peake ), was the manager of both sites . The butties were Elisha Webb, Thomas Brunt, (Killed in the Red Shags ), Emmanuel Lovekin Thomas Brown and James Cooke.
With the advent of the Coal Mines Regulations Act of 1872 there became a legal requirement for a certificated manager , James Tomkinson failed to get a certificate but Emmanuel Lovekin did at his first attempt and as a result was made the manager of both concerns, with a pony and trap provided to travel between the sites.Tomkinson with his family connection was made agent. As Lovekin understatedly records he was no friend to him. Lovekin records numbers 1 and 2 pits and the Stone pits.. With the collapse of the ironstone trade Peake's got into financial difficulties and in 1896 the colliery was standing.
Cat Ab Mine Plans 1929.
Tileries 1883.
Coal and ironstone, Red Mine Abandoned prior to Jun 1886.
11NE 1925. E 10.11. F 10.11. G 10.11.
Tileries 2611.
Ironstone, Blackband, Redshag, Red Mine. Abandoned 18 3 1891.
11NE 1925. E 10.11. F 10. 11. G 10.11. H 10.
Tileries 2717.
Coal, Peacock, Ironstone, Bassey Mine. Abandoned March 1892.
11NE 1925. E 11. F 11.

TUNSTALL LANE.
Footrail.
Peacocks Hay.

THURSFIELD.
1880 Kinnersley and Co.
Cat Ab Mine Plans 1929.
Psh. Newchapel.
Coal, Rowhurst 1882, Twist 1875.
Ironstone, New Mine 1878, Brown Mine. 1877.
Plans Robert Heath and Lowmoor Ltd.

TUNSTALL.
1878 O.S. Old collieries shown at G.R. 867 515, 864 518 & 867 519. app.
Now Tunstall Park.
Old colliery shown near Tunstall station together with an oil works 864 514. App.
Slater's Directory 1851.
Meir and Heath Tunstall colliery.
White's Directory 1851.
Tunstall colliery, Meir and Heath.
1880. Tunstall colliery, Greengates. Meir and Salt.
N.S.I.M.M.E.
D. Hancock, Tunstall Colliery Co. Elected 1872.
Cat Ab Mine Plans 1929.
Tunstall.
Coal, Peacock 1847, Spencroft 1848, Cannel Row 1860, Great Row 1861.
Ironstone, Red Mine, Red Shag 1873.
Plans Chatterley Whitfield Ltd., Tunstall.
11NE 1925. C 10.11.12. D 10.11.12.
12NW 1925. D 1.
Tunstall ( District. )
Seam unnamed 1847.
Plans R. Sneyd, Estate office, Keele.
11NE 1925. E 11.

TOWNSEND ( BUCKNALL ).
White's Directory 1851.
Townsend and Plant, Colliery owners, Bucknall.
1880 Townsend, (Bucknall ). Holdcroft and Co.
N.S.I.M.M.E.
Elijah Lingard, Townsend Colliery, Bucknall. Elected 1874.
Cat Ab Mine Plans 1929.
Townsend.
Coal, Winpenny. Abandoned prior to Jan 1876.
12SW 1926. F 12.
Townsend 9330.
Coal, Bullhurst. 1870.
12SW 1926. G 12. H 11.12.

TYSELEY
Footrail. Apedale.
E. Hambleton, Hill Top Bungalow, Apedale,Chesterton.
Coal, Household and steam, Five foot.
4 u/g, 2 a/g.
Manager E. Hambleton.

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