GLOSSARY OF MINING TERMS(K)

Kain coal, coal that was claimed by the coal owner as part, or whole, of the rent of the mine. (Scot.).

Kanch or Kench, - see also Canch, Brushing and Ripping lip.

Kank, a twist or snarl in a rope. (Mids.); or another way of spelling ‘Cank’. (Lancs.).

Keeker, an inspector in charge of the hewers or other workmen underground, or an inspector at the pit top who examined the coal coming out of the pit. (N.East).

Keel, a vessel used to carry coals from the Staiths above the old bridge on the Tyne, and above the shipping berths on the Wear, to the ships. A keel is a broad flat vessel (on the Tyne sharp at both ends) carrying 8 Newcastle chaldrons or 21 tons 4 cwt.

Keeps, -see Keps.

Kelf, the vertical height at the back of the under-cutting or holing at any time during the process of holing a stint.

Kelve, to beat out gas from a working place using a jacket or piece of cloth. (Ire.).

Kema plough, a scraper box type of plough used on longwall faces.

Kennel, a collier’s name for cannel coal. (Lancs.) and (Mids.).

Kennell, the signal to finish work; or the time indicated by the signal.

Kenner, an expression meaning ‘Its time to knock off working’. (N.East).

Kentlidge, additional weight applied to a ‘free falling’ shaft lining, during sinking, to overcome the friction between the lining and the strata.

Kep, a level or gently sloping roadway, close to the shaft, on which the full tubs stood waiting to be wound up the shaft.

Keps or Keeps, supports for the cage on it arriving at the surface or shaft bottom and at intermediate loading places, if there are any. Also called Cage props, Catches, Fans, Fallers or Shuts.

Kerf, the cut under the coal in mechanical coal-cutting.

Kettle, a barrel in which men used to ride in the shaft. (Scot.); or an iron or wooden barrel used to wind dirt or waste in shaft sinking. -see also Hoppit and Kibble.

Kevils, the weight of coals sent out by the hewers over a specified period. (N.East).

Key prop, an adjustable rigid prop with a wedge-shaped key which was hammered in to tighten it. Known by the trade name of the manufacturer ‘Bathgate’, or colloquially as the ‘thumb buster’ or ‘finger trapper’. The prop was also called the ‘duckbill.

Kibble, a wooden or metal tub. The early ones were usually barrelled shaped to prevent them tipping while being wound in the shaft. In later years they were of a square box shape with a capacity of about 20 gallons, used in conveying waste and water. Also used in shaft sinking. -see also Hoppit, Kettle and Bowk.

Kibbles, small coal. (S.Staffs.).

Kick-ups, a hand operated tippler for emptying tubs. -see Tumblers.

Kiding, holing or under-cutting the coal. (N.East).

Kilkenny, - see Anthracite.

Kind, a term meaning soft or easily dug or drilled.

Kingle, a very hard, often limey (calcareous) sandstone; ferruginous kingle is a hard irony sandstone. Also called ‘Kennel’. (Scot.).

Kip, a bucket used in the shaft for lowering bulky or odd-shaped material, which would not fit in the cage. (Mids.); or a level or gently sloping roadway running outbye at the end of a haulage road. Here the full tubs would stand so that they could be run down to the shaft bottom under gravity to be loaded into the cage. Also known as a ‘kep’.

Kirf or Kirv, to hole. (N.East).

Kirner, a hand jumper or boring bar for boring shot holes. (Scot.).

Kirning, boring a shot hole with a kirner. (Scot.).

Kirving, the holing or wedge shaped excavation made at the bottom of the coal by the hewer. Kirving was the same as holing. (N.East). This term was generally applied to undercutting shorter undercuts in pillar and stall working. –see also Nick.

Kirvings, small coal and dust produced when under-cutting the coal by hand or machine.

Kist, a workman’s tool box, also a meeting place. (N.East); or a cabin in the pit. (Lancs.), (N.East); or a wooden water tank mounted on wheels. (Scot.).

Kit, a wooden vessel of any size used for carrying water in the mine. (Derbys.).

Kitchens, coal prepared and sold expressly for cooking purposes in ranges, stoves etc.

Kitty, a length of straw about 4 inches long filled with gunpowder used as a fuse in blasting. It was placed in the ‘pricker hole’, which was open to the cartridge or shot. The end of the kitty nearest to the cartridge was closed, with the outer end open. When a light was applied to the kitty it would move along the pricker hole like a miniature rocket and ignite the powder. (N.East).

Kittle, dangerous or risky. (Scot.).

Knob, a small support for the roof. (S.Staffs.).

Knobber, one who gets knobs of coal off a face with a view to straightening it for efficient machine coal cutting.

Knock, to signal, as for example with bell signals.

Knocker, another name for the ‘onsetter’. (Lancs.), (Wales).

Knocking-up. When the banksman beats on the ‘runner’, the boards that cover the shaft, to signal the men below it is time to come up. (S.Staffs.).

Knockings, signals made by knocking on the coal. (S.Wales).

Knock-off, the point on the haulage road where the train or set was disconnected from the rope, or where a jockey was set.

Knock on, to give a signal for the haulage rope to start. (Lancs.).

Knock out, to give a signal for the haulage rope to stop. (Lancs.).

Koepe, a system of winding that dispenses with winding drums and has pulleys only. Only one winding rope is used, which is attached to both cages.

Kyevil, a specific work place. (N.East).

Kyevilin day, changing the place of work, usually by lottery or an order, on a certain day. (N.East). –see Cavills.

Kyle, a coil of rope. (Scot.).

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