Sir Joseph Paxton (1803-1865)

Joseph Paxton started his career as a gardener's boy, eventually becoming head gardener for the Duke of Devonshire. He designed large greenhouses for the Duke at Chatsworth (including one for the Giant Water Lily), and these were used as the basis for his successful design of the Great Exhibition building, the Crystal Palace (it was Punch which came up with the popular name), which used the idea of a simple repeating motif to achieve an economical yet harmonious building. He continued to work on landscape gardening and laying out of public parks, but also designed various country houses and other domestic buildings, with, it seems, much contribution by his son-in-law.

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